High tech oceanography which was listed as one of the "863
plan" research projects during the "ninth Five Year Plan"
has bridged the gap between China and the world's most advanced
ocean monitoring, marine creature, submarine exploration and marine
satellite remote sensing technique.
Experts say that the oceans, which account for 71 percent of the
earth surface, are rich in abundant resources. Yet, developing and
managing the ocean is high risk, high investment and very difficult
work. Thus, this kind of work needs high tech support.
China invested more than 800 million yuan in high tech oceanography
field during "ninth Five Year Plan" period, which helped
develop scientific research in the field.
China has made major breakthroughs in the field ocean creature technology,
regardless of species or quantity. It already has the capability
of mass-producing oyster, sea-ear, scallop and nacreous clouds.
A new type of anti-AIDS vaccine extracted from a marine creature
by Chinese scientists has entered the first clinical experiment
phase. China has also made some progress in the study of sea snake
toxin, shark cartilage and other oceanic creatures. China has also
begun work on large-scale extractions of anti-fungus, anti-germs,
and anti-tumor from microorganisms.
Researchers have conducted many studies in submarine topography,
marine geomorphy, geological structure survey technology, ocean
oil and gas exploration technology, submarine mine resources appraisal
technology, deep-sea mining technique, oil well imaging technology.
Some of the research results have resulted in practical use.
(People's Daily 08/31/2000)