China's power supply is expected to remain squeezed in the
second half of the year, with the toughest time being in the
summer, according to a forecast from the China Electricity
Wang Yonggan, the council's secretary-general, told a conference
on Friday that, at its peak in the third quarter of this year, the
shortfall is expected to hit 25 million kilowatts, despite a
moderately improved situation compared to last year.
But the supply shortage will ease to some 10 million kilowatts
in the forth quarter as a number of newly added generating units
are put on line.
Speaking at the Power Demand and Supply Analysis and Forecast
Conference, Wang warned that "the overall situation of power supply
still appears challenging."
Due to high temperatures, 14 provinces, municipalities and
autonomous regions suffered power cuts in June.
As in previous years, eastern, southern and northern areas will
be hardest hit by the blackouts, according to predictions.
The power crunch in eastern areas is expected to top 17 million
kilowatts in the third quarter, with 6 million kilowatt shortages
in both Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces. But this figure is likely
to drop to four million kilowatts in the forth quarter.
China's power supply and demand all maintained strong growth in
the first six months.
Power production had hit 1,128.6 billion kilowatt-hour by the
end of June, an increase of 13.2 per cent year-on-year.
Hydroelectric power generation reach an all time high due to the
heavy rainfall and production from the Three Gorges power
According to Wang Yonggan, 70 million kilowatts of new power
generation capacity will go online this year, of which 60 million
kilowatts, 80 per cent, is to come from fossil fuel burning power
The nation consumed 1,148.7 billion kilowatt-hour in the first
six months, a jump of 13.9 per cent from the same period last
Power consumption differs largely among different industries.
Information transmission, IT service and software industries are
the top three in terms of increase in power consumption, all rising
20.8 per cent; while consumption by transportation and post
industry sectors dropped 2.65 per cent year-on-year.
The restructuring of key power consumption industries also paid
off. The over expansion of black metal, coloured metal, the
chemical industry and construction materials has been effectively
curbed, slowing their demand for power.
(China Daily July 30, 2005)