Weekly snapshot of China's archaeological news

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BEIJING, April 27 (Xinhua) -- The following are highlights of China's key news on archaeology from the past week:

-- 5,000-year-old tusk carving of silkworm unearthed in relic-rich province

A boar tusk carving of a silkworm, dating back over 5,000 years, was unearthed in central China's Henan Province.

The carving, 6.4cm long, nearly 1cm wide and 0.1cm thick, was believed to be China's earliest carving depicting silkworms, said the archaeology institute in Zhengzhou, capital of Henan Province.

The tusk craving was discovered in the Shuanghuaishu Remain in Gongyi City, believed to be one of the key birthplaces of Chinese civilization.

-- Ancient Tibetan chessboard discovered in Sichuan

A Tibetan chessboard, dating back to the Tibetan Tubo Kingdom more than 1,000 years ago, has been discovered in southwest China's Sichuan Province, local authorities said Wednesday.

Different from the western chessboard, its side was divided into ten parts, resulting in a total of 100 squares. The side of each square is around 2.5 centimeters.

The ancient chess game was once very popular among Tibetan upper classes, according to the cultural and tourism bureau of the Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Garze.

-- Ruins identified as wall of imperial kiln plant in China's ceramic capital

The ruins of a wall which was discovered in east China's Jiangxi Province, have been identified as a wall of an imperial kiln plant dating back to the early Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).

Archaeologists said the ruins, found at the south foot of Zhushan Mountain in Jingdezhen, China's ceramic capital, have been confirmed as the western wall of an imperial kiln plant.

Jingdezhen is the most famous porcelain-making center in China, with over 1,000 years of history of making porcelain for the imperial families and officials.

-- Archeologists find remains of earliest bomb

Chinese archeologists have unearthed a 700-year-old remnant of an iron bomb from a Song Dynasty (960-1279) defense structure in southwest China's Chongqing Municipality.

They believe it is the earliest remain of a bomb found in China and even in the world.

The ruins of the Fanjiayan Song Dynasty government office was listed on China's top 10 archaeological discoveries in 2018. It is located in the ancient Diaoyu City. Diaoyu in English means fishing and was named after the hill on which it was built on.

-- 8 ancient ruins discovered in water conservancy

Eight sites of ancient ruins dating back more than 2,000 years ago to the Xia Dynasty (2070 BC-1600 BC) have been discovered in eastern China's Anhui Province, during construction of of a major water conservancy project, local authorities said Thursday.

The eight newly-discovered sites include ruins of six ancient communities, a tomb group and a building. They are scattered in the city of Hefei, capital of Anhui, according to the provincial cultural relics and archaeology institute. Enditem

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