Highlights of China's science news

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BEIJING, June 22 (Xinhua) -- The following are the highlights of China's science news from the past week:


The Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) remains the top one among the world's leading academic institutions, and China held onto the second spot for the quality of research output in the Nature Index 2019 annual tables.

The CAS is China's highest academic institution in natural sciences. The tables also show that China has 17 institutions ranking among the top 100 in the world, including Peking University, Tsinghua University and Nanjing University, an increase from 15 in 2018.


Chinese Nobel laureate Tu Youyou announced Monday that her team has proposed solutions to the problem of artemisinin resistance, providing new evidence that artemisinin is still "the best weapon" against malaria, the world's No. 1 insect-borne infectious disease.

As the winner of the 2015 Nobel Prize for the discovery of artemisinin, Tu said that the drug resistance has remained a big challenge to fighting malaria.


Chinese researchers have developed an intelligent literature identification system to recognize inscriptions on ancient bronze objects from the Shang and Zhou dynasties (1600 BC-256 BC).

Conducting deep processing of literature documents of the two dynasties, the digital system automatically identified and interpreted the characters on vessels, rubbings and bronze wares.


Chinese researchers have developed a noninvasive smart headband to detect blood oxygen levels in the brain.

It can give warnings if the patient is at a higher risk of a stroke and some other medical conditions.

Based on a brain function atlas and artificial intelligence algorithms, the headband, by using near infrared and high sensitive sensors, can detect and collect data of blood oxygen levels in the brain in a non-invasive way even when the signals are weak.


Chinese researchers are designing bionic bones with improved biological compatibility and mechanical strength, which will bring new possibilities for future orthopedic implants.

Researchers from the Northwestern Polytechnical University have spent more than 15 years developing artificial bones that are highly consistent with the composition, structure and mechanical properties of natural bones.


An international team led by Chinese scientists explained why deer are less likely to develop cancer, how reindeer adapt to the harsh environments, and how they produce more Vitamin D. The answers could have far-reaching medical implications.

A trio of reports published in the journal Science mapped out the genomes of 44 ruminant species, a group of multi-stomached mammals including deer, cow and goat. Enditem

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