China plans to maintain
relatively rapid economic growth in the next five years.
The Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee mapped
out a blueprint for economic and social development during the
10th Five-Year Plan period (2001-05) at the Fifth Plenary Session
of the 15th Central Committee of the CPC, which began in Beijing
on Monday and ended yesterday.
The plenum examined and approved the Proposal of the Central
Committee of the CPC for Formulating the 10th Five-Year Plan
for National Economic and Social Development.
The meeting held that development is the most important principle
that should direct governmental policies and that it is the
key to resolving all problems facing China. Moreover, a relatively
rapid development speed must be maintained to solve the contradictions
and problems existing in the economy and society.
A socialist market economic system has been established and
market mechanisms are playing, increasingly markedly, a basic
role in the distribution of resources, according to the plenum.
This represents a significant change in the economic system
in China, said a communique issued yesterday.
China has successfully realized its first two strategic objectives
in the process of modernization, with the economy and society
developing comprehensively and people generally living a comfortable
life. This reality is a new milestone in the history of the
Chinese nation, said the communique.
Plenum participants held that China will soon enter a new development
stage in which a well-to-do society that benefits all will be
built and modernization will be speeded up.
Work must be done to optimize the industrial structure and to
upgrade China's agricultural, industrial and service sectors
for the benefit of all, said the communique.
Particular attention should be paid to strengthening the leading
role of agriculture to guarantee a stable supply of grain and
make it possible to continue increasing farmers' incomes, it
Measures should be taken to speed up the reorganization and
transformation of industries, to raise overall quality of China's
industrial sector and sharpen its competitive edge in the international
realm, said the communique.
Great efforts must also be made to develop the service sector
to substantially expand its presence in the national economy.
The distribution of productive forces should be rationally readjusted
for the benefit of the strategy of developing China's western
areas, and steady efforts should be made to promote urbanization
and balanced regional, urban and rural development. The plenum
also agreed that efforts must be intensified to improve infrastructure,
protect the environment and strengthen control of population
growth and resources so as to maintain sustainable development.
The plenum gave its backing to the notion that economic development
and restructuring should rely on scientific innovation.
Reforms should be deepened to break through the obstacles holding
back productivity, said the communique.
Large and medium-sized State-owned enterprises should establish
modern business systems and strengthen their management structures
so as to compete successfully in the market.
The plenum called for the readjustment of the distribution and
ownership structure of State-owned enterprises and urged that
the private sector, especially those businesses involved in
technical fields, be supported, encouraged and guided.
A standardized, national market system with fair competition
and order should be established and perfected, stated the communique.
The government should be further transformed in line with the
needs of the socialist market economy. The macro-restructuring
process and management should be strengthened and improved.
The communique opinioned that as China moves closer to entering
the World Trade Organization, its opening-up policy has entered
a new stage. Steps should be taken to ensure that areas of the
economy that are still relatively closed off to the outside
world open up.
Scientific and technological advance is decisive in enhancing
a country's comprehensive strength, according to the plenum.
The strategy of revitalizing China by relying on science and
education should be continued and active measures should be
taken to enhance and sustain its innovative capabilities.
The plenum also pointed out that a major strategic task for
the future is to train, attract and give full play to talented
personnel. Efforts should be made to vigorously develop human
resources, step up the development of education and build up
a huge contingent of quality talents.
The plenum noted that measures should be adopted to increase
the incomes of people in all areas, improve their living standards
and provide social security so that people can live and work
in peace and contentment.
A complete social security system is an important pillar of
a socialist market economic system. Efforts should be made to
gradually establish and improve the basic retirement insurance,
and medical and unemployment insurance systems for urban workers
and personnel and to improve the minimum living standard for
urban residents, said the communique.
According to the plenum, the development of a political system
of socialist democracy and running the state according to law
are important to the socialist modernization drive.
As required by the economic reform process and the modernization
drive, the restructuring of the political system has to continue
and more efforts should be made to support democracy.
According to the plenum, the Party should insist on the strict
discipline of its members and step up the fight against corruption.
To allow for the further development of the socialist cause
and a smooth transition from the old generation to the young,
the Party should strengthen the leadership at all levels and
especially concentrate on the young cadres.
The plenum also decided to repeal Xu Penghang's alternate membership
of the CPC Central Committee and punish him by keeping his Party
membership with a two-year probationary period. (See above story)
The plenum gave Yue Haiyan, Huang Zhiquan and Wang Zhengfu,
all alternate members of the CPC Central Committee, full membership.