THE INTERNATIONAL NON-PROLIFERATION REGIME,
DEVOTED TO PREVENTING NUCLEAR WEAPONS PROLIFERATION
has all along firmly opposed to any form of proliferation of nuclear
weapons to any country. China pursues a policy of not endorsing, encouraging
or engaging in nuclear weapons proliferation and not assisting other
countries in developing nuclear weapons. At the same time, China stresses
that the prevention of nuclear weapons proliferation should not impede
the international cooperation in peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
March 9, 1992, China acceded to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation
of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). In 1995, China joined the consensus on the
decision of the indefinite extension of the Treaty.
1984, China joined the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
In 1985, China declared to put part of its civilian nuclear facilities
under IAEA safeguards on a voluntary basis. In 1988, China signed
the safeguards agreement with IAEA.
further strengthen and improve nuclear export control in China, the
Chinese Government promulgated Regulations on the Control of Nuclear
Export on September 10, 1997, which prohibit the provision of any
assistance to the nuclear facilities not subject to the IAEA safeguards,
stipulated that nuclear export shall be monopolized by the units designated
by the State Council with nuclear export license system. The Regulations
on the Control of Nuclear Dual-Use Items and Related Technologies
Export promulgated on June 1, 1998 has enforced strict control over
nuclear dual-use items and related technologies.
supports the "93+2" plan aimed at strengthening the effectiveness
and improving the efficiency of the IAEA safeguards system, committing
itself to contribute to the implementation of this plan on a voluntary
basis. On December 31, 1998, China signed the Additional Protocol
to the Agreement between China and the IAEA for the Application of
Safeguards in China.