Graveyard at Yangfutou, Yunnan Province
graveyard covers a total area of more than 40,000 square meters,
10,700 square meters of which have so far been excavated. A total
of 488 tombs of Yunnan culture and 36 Eastern Han tombs have been
verified and examined. The Yunnan culture tombs are divided into
large, middle-sized and small ones. In the large and middle-sized
ones, there are coffins. The funeral customs vary and some are unique.
The overlapped burial tombs contain at most five layers of corpses.
In addition, there are joint burial tombs, group burial tombs and
accompanied burial tombs. The burial objects include bronze tools,
weapons, farming tools, and large amounts of enamel, wooden, jade
and stone articles, as well as silver and gold fittings, totaling
about 4,000 pieces. Particularly, there are a large number of well-preserved
weapons with enameled wooden handles, tools, farming implements
and a set of enamel and wooden sculptures with varied shapes and
colors. They are the first relics unearthed in Yunnan Province containing
enamel and wooden articles. They also provide substantial data for
the study of farming tools and the technique of connecting metal
spearheads to wooden handles. The graveyard clearly demonstrates
the blending of Yunnan culture over a long period of time with Han
culture, providing important evidence for the study of the influence
on frontier regions exerted by the culture of the Dianchi Lake region
and the Central Plains culture.