No.1 Han Tomb at Huxishan in
is the second tomb of a marquis of the Han period excavated in Hunan
area that had not been robbed, following the first Han tomb excavated
at Changsha in the area. This tomb is a rectangular shaft pit, with
a sloping passage to the grave. There are two side chambers, in
the south and north respectively. The coffin is still well preserved.
The burial objects were mostly placed in the four chambers and in
the coffin, including the outer coffin.
The 500 unearthed objects include enamel wooden articles, pottery
wares, bronze mirrors, jade seals, and bi (a round piece of jade
with a hole in the center,). Also, nearly 1,000 bamboo strips were
found in the tomb. The articles were exquisitely produced with a
great number of needle-incised patterns. The beautifully written
characters on the bamboo strips are clear enough to read. Their
contents involve four major categories, including books, homilies,
general household register and cuisine. The last two are particularly
important. The general household register recorded the number of
households of various townships in the state of the Yuanling marquis
in the Western Han period. The cuisine section records the materials
and ingredients of various dishes and cooking methods, filling a
gap in our knowledge of ancient cuisine.
The occupant of the tomb was Wu Yang, son of Wu Chen,
king of Changsha.
He was the first Yuan Ling marquis, having received the title in
the first year of the reign of Gaohou (187 B.C.). He died in the
second year of Houyuan of the reign of Emperor Wendi, which means
that he had been on the throne for 25 years. The excavation of the
tomb provides most valuable materials for the study of the history
of that time.