June 16, 2008
I. Earthquake and Quake-Disasters
Gansu Province was seriously affected by May 12 Wenchuan earthquake, which caused heavy losses in human lives and properties. Gansu became the second worst-hit province next to Sichuan Province . The quake characteristics are as follows:
Firstly, the quake was with fierce intensity and Gansu was near to the quake center. The quake caused severe damage and covered a large area. Wenchuan quake was a shallow one, the depth was about 14 kilometers. The quake-hit areas of Gansu province was about 200 kilometers from the quake center, and about 100 kilometers from Beichuan, the second worst hit area which caused great damage. According to the primary status , till June 14, 10 cities, 70 counties, 941 towns, 10,946 executive villages, 1,298,034 families, 5,266,106 persons were stricken, there were 365 deaths, 10158 injuries, 293953 tumbled houses, 1322170 damaged rooms and 2438014 destroyed houses. According to the assessment of Gansu provincial quake bureau, the quake caused direct economic loss of 44.28 billion RMB yuan.
8 municipal cities including Longnan, Gannan, Tianshui, Qingyang, Pingliang, Dingxi, Baiyin, Linxia, 44 counties, 693 towns, 9043 executive villages were suffered quake with intensity over VI. 1,237,100 families and 5,000,100 persons were stricken and 1,641,100 persons were resettled.
Secondly, the landform made the effect of the quake fiercer and the serious secondary disasters aggravated the situation. The disaster areas in Gansu have large amount of mountains, complicated landforms, bad soil structure and dynamic viscosity of soil quality. Analyzing from the overall disaster situation, the higher the mountains are, the thicker the soil are, the disaster the severer is. The worst-hit area, Longnan is one of the places of the national four largest mud-rock flows area. After the quake, the body of mountains became flexible and began to slide, what was worse, it was rainy in those days which caused large-scale land slide, mud-rock flows and traffic jam. All these made the effect more terrible. Till June 14, 115 mud-rock flows happened, 1640 landslides, 3143 collapses 2669 earth leaks and 615 pitfalls took place.
Thirdly, the poor anti-quake capacity caused many houses broken down or severely destroyed. Most villages of the hit areas locate in sloping regions and are also poverty stricken. The houses there were built with bricks and wood or soil and wood with very weak anti-quake capacity. The quake intensity in the worst-hit areas reached ? and ? which greatly exceeded the anti-quake capacity standard. A great number of houses, especially those located at the middle and upper reaches of mountains were tumbled down and destroyed. 1,287,400 houses of 44 counties of which the quake intensity was ? and 2,356,900 houses were damaged. 1,726,300 square meters working and business buildings were damaged with different conditions.
Fourthly, the lifeblood such as traffic, electric power, telecommunication and conservancy infrastructures were severely damaged. The trunk line of a state highway, 7 state high ways, 26 provincial highways, 28 county roads were severely damaged, 104 town roads and 1,271 village roads were knocked out. Baocheng Railway (Baoji-Chengdu), the part of lower Huixian County , the right bank of Jialingjiang River of triggered landslide which caused the stuck and fire of a cargo train in a tunnel. Baocheng Railway was stopped for 283 hours. The electric network lost load of 342,000 kw with a reduce of supply of 4.6 % , 69 substations over 35 kv, 448 electric wires over 10 kv and 1674 transformers were stopped. The optical cables' Gansu part was out of running, 562 telecommunication stations, 7834 electric poles were destroyed and more than 300 thousand telephone and mobile users were out of connection. 28 reservoirs, 58 hydroelectric power stations and 1529 villages' hydro equipments were damaged. The quake also causes damage of 327 places and 195,000 meters of levees, 1,127 watering infrastructures and 97,600 meters' channels.
Fifthly, the industrial and agricultural production was severely affected. 395 enterprises of Gansu were affected in which 84 were severely damaged and 1 could not be reconstructed. 64,600 square meters' factory buildings were broken down and 1,262,600 square meters factory buildings were damaged. 109,000 mu fields, 672.8 mu fish ponds, 20,100 sunlight greenhouses, 14,800 agricultural equipments and 3100 watering equipments were damaged. A number of 201,000 livestock were dead. Some tall buildings cracked, displaced, sloped and lots of hidden dangers existed. The task of preventing the occurrence of those hidden dangers was very tough.
Sixthly, the relief work was quite tough. The disaster areas have large population and locate in remote areas with tough natural conditions, high mountains, deep valleys, complex landforms and inconvenient traffic, especially the worst-hit areas, such as Longnan and Gannan which have no airport or high quality road. Helicopters were not able to land on most of these places. What's more, these areas have no railways except Huixian County . The earthquake caused the jam of communication, telecommunication and rivers, besides, the bad weather made the rescue work harder, the rescue staff, materials, vehicles and large rescue equipments couldn't be transported there in time.
II. Anti-quake relief work
When the disastrous earthquake happened, the CPC Central Committee and the Central Government attached high importance to the disaster. General Secretary Hu Jintao went to the quake-stricken areas in Longnan , Gansu Province, to inspect and supervise the anti-quake and relief work, which greatly inspired the confidence and spirit of the people in Gansu to obtain the overall victory of anti-quake and relief work. Other leaders of the CPC Central Committee and the Central Government such as Wen Jiabao, Li Keqiang, Hui Liangyu and Liu Yandong etc. enquired by phone about the anti-quake and relief work in Gansu. Li Keqiang, Zhou Yongkang and Xu Caihou went in succession to the most seriously-affected rural and poverty-stricken areas such as Wenxian County , Wudu County and Kangxian County of Longnan City to inspect and supervise the resettlement and reconstruction after the disaster. The Ministries of the State Council energetically appropriated relief materials and funds which have effectively solved many problems. Other provinces, cities, enterprise, all walks of life, and moreover, the international communities showed much concern and offered generous assistance and help.
Facing the sudden disaster, the CPC Gansu Provincial Committee and Gansu Provincial People's Government made quick response and urgently mobilized to carry earnestly on the decisions and arrangements made by the CPC Central Committee and the Central Government. A number of practical measures were drastically taken to conduct the anti-quake and relief work throughout the province.
Firstly, an anti-quake and relief leading unit was immediately set up. At the emergency meeting on the evening of May 12, Gansu Anti-quake and Relief Leading Group came into existence, Lu Hao, secretary of the CPC Gansu Provincial Committee and chairman of the Standing Committee of Gansu Provincial People's Congress, assumed the responsibility of director of the Leading Group and Xu Shousheng, deputy secretary of the CPC Gansu Provincial Committee and Governor of the provincial people's government, vice director. Governor Xu Shousheng assumed commander in chief of Gansu Anti-quake and Relief Headquarters. The Headquarters consists of 7 offices which are, respectively, in charge of emergency rescue, forecast and monitoring, medical treatment and sanitation, living resettlement and production, haste basic facilities repair, mass media and public security, etc..
Secondly, a preplan was launched to meet the emergency. On May 12, in the light of the disaster the Headquarters launched the emergency preplan to require that all the CPC committees and governments at different levels, especially those in the quake-stricken areas and the provincial department concerned strictly follow the spirit of General Secretary Hu Jintao's important speech, take quick action in a highly responsible attitude for the people, exert whole energies to conduct the anti-quake and relief and try all best to reduce the losses caused by the disaster.
Thirdly, emergency rescue force was promptly assembled the same night the seism occurred. On the evening of May 12, military soldiers, policemen and medical teams were quickly assembled to rush to the disaster areas to rescue the quake-stuck people, and treat the injured. Experts and military engineering soldiers of No. 61 Division were dispatched to Jialing Town , Huixian County , the very night to study the dangerous blockade caused by landslides in the Jialingjiang River and got ready for blasting at any moment in relief of any occurent danger. On May 13, Lanzhou Military Army Group and its air force dispatched the army, medical teams and helicopters to join the relief work. Till June 14, 8,560 PLA solders and policemen and over 4,000 militia reservists were engaged in the relief, and 9 helicopters, 1 aerotransport and a troop of vehicles were used to transport the injuries, medical teams and rescue materials. 142 medical and epidemic prevention teams from the provincial government and the People's Liberation Army and 7,453 medical and epidemic prevention workers went to different disaster areas to conduct medical treatment and epidemic control.
Fourthly, the works of rescue injured and rehabilitation dead people were done with all our strength. The critical injured people were sent to Tianshui ? Lanzhou and other cities for rescue by helicopters; the ordinary injured people were treated in the adjacent hospitals. Till June 14, there were 9,626 injured people were treated and cured, of which 7,887 were clinic patients, 1,739 were inpatients.52 died in the hospitals. Meanwhile, every kind of policy of salvation and conciliation was seriously carried out, the children ? the old people and the deformity who has no source of income ? no capability of work and no supporter in legal and the orphan ? the elderly person and deformity of no family were provided food ? subsidy and basic alimony in time. On the base of 5,000 yuan pension which the state stated to the family numbers of died people in the earthquake, the provincial government added 3,000 yuan for per person.
Fifthly, the stranded people were rescued and transferred urgently. On the evening of May 12, after the dangerous blockade happened caused by landslides in the Jialingjiang River , 1,400 people of 3 villages of upstream and downstream were transferred the same night. The people of the villages where closed to the crack landslide mountains and cleft dams of reservoirs were evacuated in time, the total of 1,797,000 people were urgently transferred and settled down in Gansu province including the people which needed to transferred because of the collapsed houses of citizens ? schools ? hospitals and units.
Sixthly, repaired the damaged traffic, communication and electric power infrastructures and prevent the secondary disasters. After 30 hours' efforts, the traffic, electricity and telecommunication in counties were all resolved. Till May 21, 10 pm, the electricity of 866,600 stricken families was reconstructed. On May 22, 6 pm, all the national, provincial, county, town and village roads that were affected by the earthquake were all got through. On May 24, 9:50 am, No. 109 tunnel of Huaxian to Yuguan part of Baocheng (Baoji-Chengdu) Railway was knocked through after 283 hours' jam.
Seventhly, the rescue materials were organized and transferred. After the earthquake, we organized to send 7600 tents, medical equipments and medicines to the disaster areas. Till June 14, a fund of 5.329 billion yuan was collected including 4884 billon yuan from the state, 3.9 billion yuan was allocated. 96,600 relief tents, 292,500 meters' relief cloths, 39,800 tons' flour, instant noodle 76,100 boxes, 2,535,500 clothes, medical equipments 49,800 and medicine valued 52,011,800 yuan.
Eighthly, organized cadres to supervise the relief work in time.
Ninthly, unfolded the epidemic prevention work after disaster. We strengthened the inspection and supervision on drinking water, the sanitary of environment and food. Till June 14, the environment sterilizing, insects and rats killing work had covered 36.966 million squire meters. 160,000 dead stocks were safely disposed. We organized the stricken people to build a good sanitary environment and till now, there were no infectious diseases relevant to the earthquake.
Tenthly, called on social sectors to support relief work in disaster areas. Till June 14, we have received a donation fund 376,000,000 yuan from all social sectors, with donated materials valued 449 million yuan.
Eleventhly, maintained a steady social order and security
On the basis of while accomplished the anti and relief work, we at the same time assigned rescue teams to go Sichuan for their relief work.
With the effort of all the people and soldiers, especially the cadres and stricken people in disaster areas, we are maintaining an effective and steady approach in the anti-quake and relief work. The injuries are receiving good cure in time, the dead bodies are well dealt with, more and more relief materials are transported to the disaster areas. Now the people in disaster areas are reassured, a steady social order is maintained, the after-disaster resettlement, the relief and reconstruction work are promoting orderly. Meanwhile, we are adhere to the combination of the anti and relief work and economic work. We are focusing on the anti and relief work on one hand and on the other hand, we are continue to attach more importance on economic and social development to insure a steady and rapid economic development this year.
III. Brief Introduction
Gansu was named after ancient Ganzhou and Suzhou with the first two characters. The entire province has 12 municipal cities, 2 autonomous prefectures, 86 counties and a population of 26,172,000.
Gansu has vast land and diversified geographical environment. It covers an area of 425,800 square kilometers. Gansu locates at the juncture of Loess Plateau, Inner Mongolia Plateau and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and it belongs to the Yellow River valley, Yangtze River valley and inland river valley. The shape of Gansu 's land is long and narrow, its 1,655 km from east to west and 530 km from south to north. The sea level of most of the land is among 1,500 meters to 3,000 meters, and the annual precipitation is among 36.6mm to 734.9 mm. The climate changes greatly in different places and the ecological climate is diversified. Gansu not only has powerful and fecund Loess Plateau, but also has beautiful sceneries like the southern China . It also has vast desert view, rich grassland, thick ancient forests and snow-covered mountains and glaciers.
Gansu is a multi-ethnic province with various folk customs. There are 55 nationalities in which an ethnic population is 2,399,700 with a percentage of 9.2% of the total polulation. Hui and Zang nationality have large population comparatively. Dongxiang, Baoan, Yugu nationality are the ones that only inhabited in Gansu . Gansu 's various folk customs not only has a long history but will also be handed down generation by generation.
Gansu has a long history and brilliant culture. The ancestors of the Chinese nation Fuxi, Nü Wa and Huangdi (Yellow Emperor) were born in Gansu from the ancient legends, so there was a saying "Xi Xuan Sang Zi" which means Fuxi's hometown. Zhou people revived their dynasty in Qingyang, Qin people built up their foundation in Tianshui, so Gansu is a very important birthplace of Chinese nation and Chinese culture. Han's open-up at the borders policy and Zhang Qian's travel to western countries successfully opened the Silk Road . During the Sui and Tang Dynasties' time, Gansu became an essential path for China to contact countries in Xiyu (a general name of ancient Asia and India in ancient China ) and Europe . Wuwei, Changye, Dunhuang became the international trading cities with prosperous economy and culture, leads the river Gansu area agriculture mulberry to be prosperous, which also drove a prosperous development of agriculture such as mulberry trees planting and people were leading a good life. "Zi Zhi Tong Jian" (an ancient historical book) records: "Those who believe they are rich will be ashamed when they came to eastern Long (ancient name of Gansu ) ". After the open-up of the sea road, the political, economic and social center moved to eastern China especially because of the change of climate and ecological conditions, Gansu was becoming a desolate place. A hundred years ago, Zuo Zongtang (minister in ancient Qing dynasty) wrote in his letter to the Qing government: " Gansu locates at the border with vast land, small population and hardest natural condition".
Gansu has abundant mineral resources and a variety of local products. There are 92 kinds of minerals discovered with clear reserves in Gansu Province , including 10 No. 1 highest reserves in the nation, such as nickel, cobalt, selenium and platinum etc. and another 34 enjoying high reserves as national "top five", especially the copper and nickel mines in Jinchuan, are the second in the world. Coal reserves have 8.676 billion tons, petroleum 1.24 billion tons including proved deposits 67.161 million tons. Natural gas with ascertained deposits is 6.725 billion. Gansu is rich in hydropower, wind power and solar power. There is a big variety of wildlife with more than 950 kinds of wild Chinese traditional medicine herbs in Gansu . It is one of the main production areas in China . Gansu also has many interesting historic places. There are 43 important state cultural relic protection units and 4 national historic and cultural cities. Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang City, Gansu Province, is praised as the world's art treasure house; Maijishan Grottoes in Tianshui City, the museum of oriental sculptures; and Labuleng Lamasery in Xiahe, one of the six biggest Tibetan Buddhism monasteries. White Pagoda Temple in Wuwei City serves as a historical witness of Tibet attached to the territory of its motherland. Jiayuguan Pass, "the most strategic pass under heaven"; Kongtong Mount, known as "the first famous Taoist mountain" and Qin'an Dadiwan Ruins that is much earlier than Banpo Ruins and Fuxi Temple in Tianshui City are well known in the world. The ancient animal fossil complex in Hezheng and fossils of dinosaur foot prints are called the world's treasures. The bronze galloping horse unearthed in Wuwei City is the symbol of Chinese tourism industry.
Gansu is also a disadvantaged province but it has initial formed the base of quickening development. With the development and construction after new China's foundation, Gansu has formed the industry system including petroleum and chemical industry ? nonferrous metal ? mechanical electron as the key industries, Gansu is the national important industrial base of energy sources ? raw and processed materials. Education and science and technology affairs has been quite long developed. Currently, there are 33 regular institutes of higher learning, 22 institutes of scientific research affiliated to Central government. After reform and opening up, especially after implementing the stratagem of Western development, Gansu's visage has historical changed, and finished the history of " natural environment can't afford people in Gansu", Gansu has realized the change from solving dinning to plan as a whole development of cities and countries ? quickening the industrial process, the economic development obviously quickened. In 2007, the GDP of Gansu province reached 26692 billion yuan, and the per capita GDP 10,335 yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 3916 billion yuan, local financial revenue reached 1906 billion yuan; urban per capita annual disposable income reached 10,012 yuan, rural per capita annual net income 2,329 yuan.
IV. The basic situation of earthquake hit 8 cities and prefectures with intensity over VI
(I). Longna city.
Longnan is located in the southeastern part of the province, nearing Shaanxi and Sichuan province. It covers an area of 27,900 square kilometers of which cultivated area is 4,360,000 mu( the data sifted by the department of national resource is 8,283,000 mu, per person is 1.8 mu. The city has Wudu district, Wen county, Tanchang county, Xihe county, Li county, Kang county, Hui county, Cheng county, Liangdang county, 195 villages and towns, 3,237 administrative villages including 61 organizational towns, 4 national villages. A total of 29 ethnic groups live in Longnan, including the Han, Hui, Tibetan and Mongolia with a population of 2,757,500, the agricultural population is 2,353,200, 85.3% of total population.
Longnan is situated on the remaining vein of Min mountain and at the junction of west Qinling's stone mountainous region and Loess Plateau, it is located in the transition region from north subtropical to warm temperate zone with stereoscopic climate character of "one mountain with four seasons, ten miles with different weather", the altitude in Longnan is between 550 to 4200 meters, the annual average temperature is 10-15 ? , the period of frost-free is 120-260 days, the annual precipitation is 400-800 millimeters, it is the unique area of Gansu province belonging to Yangtze river valley.
The landform and physiognomy in Longnan is complicated, light-heat uprightness distributes with stereoscopic multiplicity climate, it has many kinds of biological ? mineral and waterpower resources, the tourism resource is unique.
In 2007, the GDP of Longnan City reached 1118 billion yuan, the fixed assets investment reached 4948 billion yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 1612 billion yuan, the financial revenue of city and county reached 577 million yuan, urban per capita annual disposable income reached 7,650 yuan, rural per capita annual net income 1,600 yuan.
(II). The Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
The Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture is located in the integrated area of Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan provinces , which has seven counties including Xiahe, Luqu, Maqu, Diebu, Zhouqu, Lintan, Zhuoni and Hezuo, covers an area of 45,000 square kilometers with a population of 680,100 among which 51% of Tibetan. In 2007, the GDP of Gannan Prefecture reached 3537 billion yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 347 million yuan, the local financial revenue reached 196 million yuan, urban per capita annual disposable income reached 6,877 yuan, rural per capita annual net income 1,711 yuan.
(III). Tianshui City
Tianshui is located in the southeast of Gansu, the junction of Shaanxi ? Gansu and Sichuan provinces and it is the only way which must be passed by Silk Road from the ancient time. Tianshui city stretches across Yangtze river and Huanghe river valleys, and the new Euro-Asia continental bridge passes through the whole area. The four seasons is clearly and the climate is delightful with abundance products and also named "small Jiangnan(south of Yangtze river )". The city has Wushan ? Gangu ? Qinan ? Qingshui Counties ? Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County and Qinzhou ? Maiji Districts under its jurisdiction with the population of 3,547,600. In 2007, the GDP of Tianshui City reached 1962 billion yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 2276 billion yuan, the local financial revenue reached 1065 billion yuan, urban per capita annual disposable income reached 8,319 yuan, rural per capita annual net income 1,803 yuan.
(IV). Qingyang City
Qingyang is located in the eastern part of Gansu . The city , which has Xifeng district ? Qingcheng ? Huanxian ? Huachi ? Heshui ? Ningxian ? Zhengning ? Zhenyuan Counties, covers an area of 27,000 square kilometers with a population of 2 ? 6 million. The hypsography is low to high from south to north, the altitude is between 885 to 2,082 meters. In 2007, The GDP of Qingyang City reached 20 ? 082 billion yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 606 billion yuan, the local financial revenue reached 1042 billion yuan, urban per capita annual disposable income reached 8,396 yuan, rural per capita annual net income 2,040 yuan.
(V). Pingliang city
Pingliang is located in the eastern part of the province, at the junction of Shaanxi ? Gansu ? Ningxia, an important fort of the east part of the ancient silk road. The city, which has Kongtong District and Jingchuan ? Lintai ? Chongxin ? Huating ? Zhuanglang ? Jingning Counties, covers an area of 11,000 square kilometers among which the cultivated area 5527 million mu with a population of 226 million. In 2007, the GDP of Pingliang City reached 147 billion yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 1615 billion yuan, the local financial revenue reached 696 million yuan, urban per capita annual disposable income reached 8,788 yuan, rural per capita annual net income 2,095 yuan.
(VI). Dingxi City .
Dingxi City is located in the middle of the province. The city has Anding District, Tongwei, Longxi, Lintao, Weiyuan, Zhangxian and Minxian Counties , covers 20,330 square kilometers with a population of 2,930,800, among which 358,100 urban population and 2,572,700 rural population. The total cultivated land is 7,701,500 mu, the per capita of rural residents is 2.9 mu. The altitude of Dingxi City is between 1,640 to 3,941 meters. In 2007, the GDP of Dingxi City reached 1001 billion yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 608 million yuan, the local financial revenue reached 324 million yuan, urban per capita annual disposable income reached 8,343 yuan, rural per capita annual net income 1,863 yuan.
(VII). Baiyin City .
Baiyin City is located in the upper reaches of Huanghe River ? the middle of the province. It is the first base of large-scale non-ferrous metals industry after new China 's foundation. With Huining, Jingyuan, Jingtai Counties and Baiyin, Pingchuan Districts under its jurisdiction, it covers 21,200 square kilometers with a population of 175 million. In 2007, the GDP of Baiyin City reached 20752 billion yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 2708 billion yuan, the local financial revenue reached 746 million yuan, urban per capita annual disposable income reached 10 thousand yuan, rural per capita annual net income 2,332 yuan.
(VIII). Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture.
Linxia Hui Autonomous Prefecture is situated in the southwestern part of the middle of Gansu province. It covers 8,169 square kilometers. The paramos high and cold areas ? arid mountain areas and highland areas made up one-third of the total area respectively. The average altitude is 2,000 meters. Linxia Prefecture has Linxia City, Linxia, Yongjing, Hezheng, Guanghe, Kangle Counties, Dongxiang Hui Autonomous County, Baoan nationality ? Dongxiang nationality and Sala nationality Autonomous County in Jishishan with a population of 1,971,600.A total of 22 ethnic groups live in Linxia prefecture, including the Hui ? Han ? Dongxiang ? Banan ? Sala ? Tu and Tibetan, with a population of 57.16% minority in which the Hui is the majority Linxia Prefecture possesses four religions. One characteristic of Linxia is that many ethnic groups with different religious live together. In 2007, the GDP of the prefecture reached 7292 billion yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 589 million yuan, the local financial revenue reached 272 million yuan, urban per capita annual disposable income reached 5,873 yuan, rural per capita annual net income 1,575 yuan.
V. The basic situation of worst-hit 4 counties
(I). Wenxian County .
Wenxian county was called Yinping in ancient times. It is located at the junction of Gansu ? Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces and situated in Qinling and Dabashan mountains. The city has 20 towns and villages, 305 administrative villages, 1,305 communes, 71,962 families with a population of 246,000, among which 218,500 rural people. There are seven ethnic groups including the Han, Tibetan, Hui and others live here and it is the one of main living areas of Baimadi people. It covers 4,994 square kilometers and cultivated land is 320,500 mu. Wenxian County is located in the transition region from subtropical to warm temperate zone,the annual average temperature is 15 ? , the annual precipitation is about 450-800 millimeters, the altitude is between 550 to 4187 meters. In 2007, Wenxian's GDP reached 867 million yuan, the total fixed asset investment reached 1205 billion yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 110 million yuan, the fiscal expenditure reached 380 million yuan, urban per capita annual disposable income reached 5,215 yuan, rural per capita annual net income 1,354 yuan.
(II). Wudu District.
Wudu district of Longnan city is located in the southeastern part of Gansu province. Wudu is contiguous to Kangxian county in east, next to Ningqiang county of Shaanxi province, Qingchuan of Sichuan province and Wenxian county of Longnan city in south, it adjoins Wenxian, Zhouqu, Tanchang counties in west, and is adjacent to Tanchang, Lixian, Xihe Counties in north, Wudu County has 36 towns and villages, 684 villages, 15 communes under its jurisdiction, it covers 4,683 square kilometers with a population of 548,400 and 123,600 families. There are many ethnic groups including the Han, Hui, Tibetan, Man, Zhuang, Tu, Chaoxian, Naxi and others live here. The altitude is 667-3,600 meters. Wudu belongs to north subtropical sub-humid climate. The annual average temperature is 14.7 ? , the annual precipitation is about 400 millimeters and frost-free period is 150-270 days. In 2007, Wudu's GDP reached 208 billion yuan, the industrial value- added reached 516 million yuan, the total fixed asset investment reached 818 million yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 1046 million yuan, the local financial revenue reached 101 million yuan, urban per capita annual disposable income reached 7,653 yuan, rural per capita annual net income 1,546 yuan.
(III). Kangxian County .
Kangxian County is located in the southeastern part of the province and at the junction of Gansu , Sichuan and Shaanxi provinces. It belongs to the typical transition climate from subtropics to warm temperature zone so that the weather is mild and humid with plentiful rain. Kangxian County is situated at south of the western part of Qinling mountain and it is among the mountains in Longnan, the geologic structure of Kangxian is belt of folded strata of Kunlun and Qinling mountain zone, the hypsography is high to low from west to east and high in the middle and low in south and north. The altitude is between 560 to 2,483 meters, the annual average temperature is 12.1 ? , frost-free period is 207 days, and the annual precipitation is about 742 millimeters. The county, which has 8 towns and 13 villages ? 350 administrative villages, 1,640 villagers' groups under its jurisdiction, the total families are 55,640 with a population of 202,200, in which 177,800 rural population. It covers 2958.46 square kilometers of which 7016 million mu is arable land. In 2007, Kangxian's GDP reached 6075 million yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 6596 million yuan, the local financial revenue reached 1601 million yuan, urban per capita annual disposable income reached 5,514 yuan, rural per capita annual net income 1,536 yuan.
(IV). Zhouqu County .
Zhouqu County is located in the upper reaches of Bailongjiang river of south part of Gansu province. The natural condition is very grim with frequency disasters, the transportation is inconvenient with high mountains and deep valleys. It has 2 towns, 17 villages, 3 communities, 210 administrative villages, 495 natural villages, it covers 3,010 square kilometers with a population of 136,900, of which 46,000 are Tibetan, 33.79% of the total population. In 2007, Zhouqu's GDP reached 378 million yuan, the overall financial revenue reached 2532 million yuan, the local financial revenue reached 106 million yuan, urban per capita annual disposable income reached 6,955 yuan, rural per capita annual net income 1,479 yuan.