I. China's Basic Stand on Non-Proliferation
China has always taken a responsible attitude toward international affairs, stood for the complete prohibition and thorough destruction of all kinds of WMD, including nuclear, biological and chemical weapons, and resolutely opposed the proliferation of such weapons and their means of delivery. China does not support, encourage or assist any country to develop WMD and their means of delivery.
China holds that the fundamental purpose of non-proliferation is to safeguard and promote international and regional peace and security, and all measures to this end should be conducive to attaining this goal. The proliferation of WMD and their means of delivery has its complicated causes; it has everything to do with the international and regional security environment. To pursue the universal improvement of international relations, to promote the democratization of such relations and to accelerate fair and rational settlement of the security issues of regions concerned will help international non-proliferation efforts to proceed in a smooth manner.
China resolutely supports international non-proliferation efforts, and at the same time cares very much for peace and stability in the region and the world at large. China stands for the attainment of the non-proliferation goal through peaceful means, i.e. on the one hand, the international non-proliferation mechanism must be continually improved and export controls of individual countries must be updated and strengthened, and, on the other hand, proliferation issues must be settled through dialogue and international cooperation.
China maintains that a universal participation of the international community is essential for progress in non-proliferation. To have the understanding and support of the overwhelming majority of the international community, it is highly important to ensure a fair, rational and non-discriminatory non-proliferation regime. Either the improvement of the existing regime or the establishment of a new regime should be based on the universal participation of all countries and on their decisions made through a democratic process. Unilateralism and double standards must be abandoned, and great importance should be attached and full play given to the role of the United Nations.
China believes that given the dual-use nature of many of the materials,
equipment and technologies involved in the nuclear, biological, chemical
and aerospace fields, it is important that all countries, in the course
of implementing their non-proliferation policies, strike a proper balance
between non-proliferation and international cooperation for peaceful use
of the relevant high technologies. In this connection, China maintains
that, while it is necessary to guarantee the rights of all countries,
especially the developing nations, to utilize and share dual-use scientific
and technological achievements and products for peaceful purposes subject
to full compliance with the non-proliferation goal, it is also necessary
to prevent any country from engaging in proliferation under the pretext
of peaceful utilization.