The practice of more than half a century has proved that the system
and practice of China's regional ethnic autonomy have been immensely successful.
Regional ethnic autonomy is a correct solution to the issue of ethnic
groups in China, and is in keeping with China's actual conditions and
the common interests of all ethnic groups.
China is a large developing country with a population of 1.3 billion.
In the process of reform, opening-up and national modernization, the state
and the ethnic autonomous areas have adopted various measures to promote
the economic and social development in the latter, but limited and influenced
by historical, geographical and other conditions, the economic and social
development level of western China, where the populations of ethnic minorities
are more concentrated, is still low compared with the more developed eastern
areas. Some remote areas, in particular, are still pretty backward. To
build a well-off society in an all-round way in the new century, China
has to make an effort to solve such issues as adherence to and improvement
of regional ethnic autonomy, giving full play to the advantages of the
system, and continuously raising the economic and social development level
in ethnic minority areas.
Acting in line with the actual conditions of China, the Chinese government
will adhere to the scientific concept of human-oriented, all-round, coordinated,
sustainable development, further explore and strengthen specific forms
of implementation of the system of regional ethnic autonomy, improve the
supporting laws and regulations for the Law on Regional Ethnic Autonomy,
continuously strengthen the material basis for implementation of the system
of regional ethnic autonomy, and promote the all-round economic and social
development of ethnic minorities and their areas.