Improve the Legal System
Enacting and improving rules and regulations. Efforts should be
made to accelerate the legislation and improve its quality, set
up and strengthen the laws concerning population and development.
Population problem should be studied as a major factor used to produce
economic and social rules and laws, providing the legal support
for implementing the basic state policy.
Upgrading the management according to the law. Efforts should be
made to carry forward administration by the law and strengthen the
law-enforcement to realize the standardization, legalization and
scientification of management and service at the grassroots level;
accelerate the democratic construction at the grassroots level to
carry forth democratic decision-making, management, and supervision;
strengthen legal promulgation and education to enhance the legal
awareness and idea of the public; push forward the execution and
law-enforcing responsibility system, improve the quality of the
public servants, establish a sound management system for implementing
population and family planning at the grassroots level.
Improving the system of legal supervision. Efforts should be made
to enhance the supervision of law-enforcing, establish and improve
the complete supervision system, comprising the supervision by the
jurisdiction, the supervision by the execution, the public opinion,
the society and the masses; establish the just and open system,
as well as the examination and assessment system for those who administer
and enforce laws so as to ensure the sound development of the cause
of population and family planning.
Improve Interest-Oriented Mechanism
Establishing the regulation system for population and development.
Efforts should be made to produce the population strategy and regulation
complying well with the social and economic development, establish
and improve policy system and management measures combining the
treatment of population with the family planning, keep the balance
among the population, social development, resources and environmental
Establishing and improving the interest-oriented mechanism related
to population and family planning. By undertaking economic development,
educational popularization and development of medicare cause, people
should be encouraged to consciously practise family planning. Proper
economic policy should be worked out to combine the work of population
and family planning with the economic development, anti-poverty
effects and the building of a cultural and happy family by providing
those family planning households with small-amount loans, priority
items, scientific assistance and preferential treatment, hoping
to help the farmers cope with their difficulty and make money by
having fewer babies.
Establishing incentive mechanism encouraging the family planning.
These will include vibrant subsidy and tangible benefits such as
bonus for fertility regulation and family welfare. A certain amount
of bonus will be given to the family with only child. Necessary
assistance will be granted to the parents with only child when they
retire in line with local conditions. The family that carries out
family planning will be offered preferential treatment in allocating
economic income of the collectives, enjoying collective welfare,
dividing the field for house-building, contract for land management,
employment, medicare, and sending their children into the kindergarten.
Establishing social security system conducive to population and
development, especially family planning. In the countryside, there
will be the multiple security system relating to the old-age insurance,
children's safety and health, cooperative medicare, maternal and
child health care, planned immunity and birth-control operation
safety; in the city, efforts will be made to set up and improve
the security system including the old-age insurance, medicare insurance,
unemployment insurance, and child-bearing insurance. The system
for ensuring a minimum standard of living for urban residents will
be improved to upgrade gradually the insurance of a minimum standard
of living. The society will be encouraged to participate into social
assistance and voluntary service to resolve actual difficulties
of the masses.
Intensifying Publicity and Education
Mobilizing the society and government departments for involvement
in and support for cultural development that facilitates population
and family planning, by which a socialized publicity and education
format is formed. Regular publicity activities and education programs
should be conducted through public media or other popular means
so that local communities, families and the public can benefit and
facilitate a healthy social environment in which all care about
population and family planning.
Developing the population culture, promoting social progress, and
boosting a new birth-giving culture. People should be encourged
to develop social moralities and family virtues that include abiding
by law, harmony of couples, respect for the old and love for the
young. By doing so, we intend to cultivate the national sense of
population and develop a scientific, culturally advanced concept
of marriage, family and support for the old. Included in such concept
are becoming well-to-do based on fewer children, equality between
men and women, and late marriage and late childbearing. We should
actively offer educational programs on population and puberty, sexual
health, and the health of the aged. We should also popularize knowledge
on contraception, healthy childbearing and childrearing, reproductive
health, and healthy aging.
Building up a Framework for Scientific and Technological Renovation
Intensifying course study of population and development. China
will work to develop an internationally advanced course of study
on population and development. By boosting combination of social
sciences and natural sciences, China will develop a comprehensive
theory system of population studies that includes new subject areas
of population, frontier subjects, and cross subjects. The instructive
role of population science theory will be given full play and will
be made to support decision making in population and development.
Promoting scientific and technological innovations. China will
intensively apply latest developments of modern science and technology,
particularly those new achievements in biology, information and
materials. Basic science research will be intensified. State key
laboratories in areas of population and development, and development
centers or bases in science and technology will be established so
that capacities of intellectual and technical innovation are upgraded.
We will expand research developments in areas of population, and
intensify research of key techniques with regard to fertility regulation,
reproductive health, healthier births and better child rearing as
well as infertility. We will intensify capacity in scientific research
and technological development, as well as intensify development
and introduction of new technologies and products, and boost their
Further promoting quality services, particularly with technical
services at the core. Focusing on technical services, the quality
of care reproductive health services on fertility, contraception
and infertility should be delivered to the people. We will promote
the informed choice of contraceptive measures, conduct public surveys
and preventive treatment of women's diseases. Grassroots medical
services and technical service institutions will be improved so
that a comprehensive market-oriented service format is formed. A
quality certification system and quality-monitoring framework with
regard to family planning should also be established. We will improve
service conditions, standardize services, expand service areas and
raise qualities of services.
Realizing a computerized management of population and development.
We will establish and improve a network of information collection,
report, analysis, and announcement, a network which combines population
management information and service information of family planning
and reproductive health together. We will establish information
network and document databases that provide grassroots access to
information on population and means to spread knowledge, provide
information, and offer education and training on popular science.
Expanding Money Input
Gradually increasing financial input in population and family planning
programs. We will establish a stable guarantee mechanism of input,
including family planning expenditures into government budgets at
different levels. We will gradually increase central and local financial
input in population and family planning programs. The increase of
that input should be bigger than the increase of financial revenues.
Much favorable input should go to western regions, ethnic minority
areas and disaster-stricken regions, where financial situations
Working out a policy mechanism of financial input for population
and family planning programs. Enterprises and government institutions
are encouraged to increase their input in these areas. We will work
out favorable policies and awarding measures. By economic means,
we put into place a sound social input mechanism. We will also establish
a multi-channel fund-raising system, in which donations from non-governmental
sectors, social and international communities are welcome. Both
public fund and development fund for population and family planning
are established and interests of loans and their terms are favored.
Enterprises and individuals are welcome to put investment in population
and family planning programs.
Increasing efficiency of fund utilization. Remote poverty-stricken
areas will be given priorities in their grassroots network development
with regard to population and family planning services. Basic development
plans and standard of technical equipment will be followed. We should
take regional differences into consideration and rationally allocate
and use technical resources of relevant departments and to make
the advantages of relevant departments complementary with each other
so as to raise the input and output efficiency. We should also improve
relevant financial transfer and payment system and the allocation
system at various levels and at the same time strengthen supervision
and management of fund utilization.
Attaching Importance to the Role of Non-Governmental and Mass
Encouraging the role of social and non-governmental organizations,
like the Women's Federation, the Trade Union, the Communist Youth
League, the Association for Family Planning, the Committee on Aging,
neighborhood committees, and village committees, in the management
of population and family planning and relevant services. The Chinese
Government will create conditions to facilitate policy measures
and a functional mechanism in which non-governmental sectors can
involve in the work of population and development. Such organizations
and sectors are welcome to participate in decision making. Their
rights of self-reliance are respected. They are also provided with
necessary fund, technology, and information and work instructions.
Intensifying establishment of family planning associations in line
with principles of being broader-based, regular, exemplary and active.
With help and support, family planning associations are encouraged
to hold various information, education and communication activities
and services in line with their own conditions. People are mobilized
and instructed to proceed with self-education, self-management,
and self-services so that these associations can work as bridges
between the government and the people.
Expanding International Exchanges and Cooperation
Actively participating in activities of world population and development,
through which international communities are made aware of China's
population policy, its achievements and efforts made in promoting
the human rights. China advocates mutual understanding and seeking
and expanding common grounds while reserving differences based on
equality and mutual respect.
Intensifying cooperation with international organizations, regional
bodies, foreign governments and non-governmental organizations and
expanding areas and ways of cooperation with them. Projects that
relate to basic research of population and family planning, publicity
and education, and comprehensive services will be given priority.
Bilateral and multi-lateral exchanges in population and family planning
will also be conducted, including exchanges of and training for
personnel in the fields of decision-making, management and technology.
Through these exchanges the latest developments in science and technology
and other useful experiences can be learned.