As the world marks the 50th anniversaries of the victories in
the global anti-fascist war and China's War of Resistance Against
Japan and the founding of the United Nations, it must not be forgotten
that twice in this century mankind has suffered from the enormity
of world war, that war has repeatedly brought man catastrophic suffering.
Given the new international situation, the importance of arms
control and disarmament has become ever more apparent to the international
community, both as a component of national security policies and
as an effective measure to reduce the danger of war.
China needs a peaceful environment in order to be able to devote
itself completely to its socialist modernization programme. Guided
by its aspiration to peace and development, China has spared no
effort to safeguard international peace, security and stability
and afforded the greatest concern to arms control and disarmament.
China has always opposed the arms race and advocated that the danger
of war be lessened or eliminated through arms control and disarmament.
As the international situation has changed, China, while retaining
the precondition that the nation maintain necessary defence capabilities,
has unilaterally adopted a series of measures aimed at disarmament.
These include greatly reducing military staff, reducing defence
spending, strictly controlling transfers of sensitive materials,
technology and military equipment and converting defence technologies
industry to civilian production. China has further made its due
contributions as a developing nation and a permanent member of the
United Nations Security Council, proffering many realistic, rational
proposals geared to actively promote the international arms control
and disarmament process.
China's efforts towards arms control and disarmament have proven
to the world that it is positive, sincere and responsible regards
resolving this issue. China has been and always will remain a reliable
force in the cause of safeguarding world peace and promoting mankind's