The Uygur Ethnic Group
Population: About 8,823,500.
Living Areas: Hotan, Kashi and Aksu.

The Kazak Ethnic Group

Population: About 1,352,100.
Living Areas: Ili, Tacheng, Altay, Barkol, Jichang  and Urumqi.

The Hui Ethnic Group

Population: Approximately 866,700.
Living Areas: All over Xinjiang.

The Kirgiz Ethnic Group
Population: Around 173,700.
Living Areas: Kizilsu Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture.

The Mongolian Ethnic Group
Population: About 166,900.
Living Areas: Bayangolen and Bortala prefectures.

The Tajik Ethnic Group
Population: About 40,900.
Living Areas: Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County.

The Xibe Ethnic Group
Population: About 40,300.
Living Areas: Charbur Xibe Autonomous County in Ili.

The Manchu Ethnic Group
Population: Around 23,900.
Living Areas: Urumqi, Ili, Jichang and Hami.

The Ozbek Ethnic Group

Population: About 14,600.
Living Areas: Kashi, Yining, Tacheng, Urumqi, etc.

The Russian Ethnic Group

Population: Around 11,100.
Living Areas: Ili, Tacheng, Altay and Urumqi.

The Daur Ethnic Group
Population: Around 6,700.    Living Areas: Axier Daur Township in Tacheng.

The Tatar Ethnic Group
Population: About 4,900.     Living Areas: Mainly in northern Xinjiang.

Xinjiang Islamic Architecture Album
Tradition & Change in Xinjiang
Xinjiang's Land Ports

Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region has, since ancient times, been populated by many ethnic groups, including a great number of nomadic tribes and nations. By the end of the 19th century, 13 major ethnic communities had established themselves there: the Uygurs, Hans, Kazaks, Mongolians, Huis, Kirgizs, Manchus, Xibes, Tajiks, Daurs, Ozbeks, Tatars and Russians. The Uygurs comprised the majority, and this multiethnic pattern remains even today.

Xinjiang's 13 major ethnic groups have been involved in constant migration due to great changes in the natural environment. These population movements have caused religious and cultural intermingling, producing the region's present unique customs. These are expressed through diet, costume, wedding and funeral ceremonies, as well as religious beliefs, values, taboos and art. It is no wonder that whoever visits is deeply impressed by Xinjiang's rich cultural diversity.

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