Russia-India-Iran: North-South Corridor

(The Belt and Road Initiative)

Updated:2017-04-20 |

Russia-India-Iran: North-South Corridor

Initiated by Russia, India and Iran in 2000, the North-South Corridor is intended to be a freight and cargo transit route, stretching from South Asia to Central Asia, the Caucasus, and Russia, and ending in Europe.

The proposed route has an estimated length of 5,000 kilometers, 40 percent shorter than the length of the current Eurasian transit, and is expected to cut transport costs by 30 percent. It stretches southward from St. Petersburg by the Gulf of Finland to cross the Caspian Sea from the southern Russian port of Astrakhan to northern Iran’s Now Shahr port, onward to the Port of Bandar Abbas in south Iran, then across the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea to reach the port of Mumbai in India. It will also connect India’s western coast ports and Iran’s ports of Bandar Abbas and Chabahar on the Arabian Sea. A multi-modal transport system is envisioned integrating motorway and rail transport and ocean shipping services.


“北南走廊计划”最早由俄罗斯、印度、伊朗三国于 2000 年发起,三国计划修建一条从南亚途经中亚、高加索、俄罗斯到达欧洲的货运通道。




The project has, however, experienced delays due to lack of capital and political differences. As Iran is centrally located, its lukewarm response, in particular, contributed to a protracted failure to reach consensus on any specific action plan.


The project gained traction again in 2011 on the back of India’s renewed push. Sixteen countries including those in Central Asia have now joined. But the prospects are dimmed by the potential conflicts between India and Pakistan.

2011年,印度的积极推动使该计划得以重获生机。近年来,已经有包括中亚国家在内的16个国家参与到这个项目中。但是,印度积极推动的 “北南走廊计划” 因其与巴基斯坦的潜在冲突,发展前景不被看好。