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The Five-sphere Integrated Plan

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Updated:2018-10-29 |

The Five-sphere Integrated Plan

At its Sixth Plenary Session of the 12th Central Committee in 1986, the CPC introduced an overall scheme of China’s development, that is, taking economic development as the key link, continuing to reform the political structure, and speeding up the country’s cultural and ideological progress. At its 13th National Congress, the Party defined a master plan of building socialism with Chinese characteristics, integrating economic prosperity, political democracy and advanced culture and ideology. Such a three-sphere integrated plan was followed by the Party’s 14th through the 16th national congresses. Addressing a seminar of leading officials at provincial and ministerial levels in February 2005, Hu Jintao spoke of a four-sphere plan that covered economic, political, cultural and social advancement.

The Five-sphere Integrated Plan – the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics encompassing economic, political, cultural, social and ecological development – was proposed in November 2012 at the 18th National Congress of the CPC. While economic development continues to be the central pillar, economic, political, cultural, social and ecological development are to be promoted on all fronts, modernization is to be fostered in all areas, and all elements are to be developed in a coordinated manner. The Five-sphere Integrated Plan and the Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy support each other and interact in a planned manner. Proceeding from economic growth, they help develop a socialist market economy, democratic governance, advanced culture, ecological progress, and a harmonious society. Together, they help make the people more prosperous, the country stronger, and China more beautiful. The enunciation of the Five-sphere Integrated Plan illustrates how the CPC continues to extend its understanding of coordinated development and of the framework of socialism with Chinese characteristics.