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Development and opening up of Pudong

(Reform and Opening Up)

Updated:2018-10-29 |

Development and opening up of Pudong

Thanks to Deng Xiaoping’s support, the State Council announced a decision on April 18, 1990 on the development and opening up of the Pudong District of Shanghai. In a follow-up move, the CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee and the Municipal Government unveiled guidelines for implementing the Pudong development project to revitalize Shanghai, benefit the country, and embrace the world. The Pudong project soon emerged as a “reform template,” well-known both at home and abroad. In early 1991, Deng Xiaoping urged Zhu Rongji, the then Mayor of Shanghai and Secretary of the CPC Municipal Committee, to “be fully committed to Pudong’s development and to the project’s completion.” In 2005, the State Council designated Pudong as a pilot area in a national comprehensive reform strategy, marking the start of a new phase of reform in the district. In April 2009, the State Council approved a proposal to merge the administrative division formerly known as Nanhui District into the Pudong New Area.

With an area of 1,210 square kilometers, equivalent to one fifth of Shanghai, the Pudong New Area is home to 4.12 million residents and accounts for over one quarter of the city’s total economic output. During Shanghai Expo in 2010, three quarters of the total exhibition area of 5.28 square kilometers was located in Pudong.

Pudong’s development has reached new levels since the 18th CPC National Congress. It offers a dynamic snapshot of China’s reform and opening up and socialist modernization. As part of a national strategy, the Pudong development project has led to significant and constant improvement in the area’s ability to satisfy diverse needs. In addition to driving Shanghai’s transformation into a hub of international finance and shipping, it has attracted businesses in a wide variety of sectors including advanced manufacturing, coastal industries, hi-tech industries, and producer services. With a focus on innovation and transformation, a new round of reform and development is currently under way, propelled by efforts to build the Shanghai Free Trade Zone and a technology innovation center.