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Development and opening up of Pudong

Updated:2018-10-29 | By:China.org.cn

Development and opening up of Pudong

Thanks to Deng Xiaoping’s support, the State Council announced a decision on April 18, 1990 on the development and opening up of the Pudong District of Shanghai. In a follow-up move, the CPC Shanghai Municipal Committee and the Municipal Government unveiled guidelines for implementing the Pudong development project to revitalize Shanghai, benefit the country, and embrace the world. The Pudong project soon emerged as a “reform template,” well-known both at home and abroad. In early 1991, Deng Xiaoping urged Zhu Rongji, the then Mayor of Shanghai and Secretary of the CPC Municipal Committee, to “be fully committed to Pudong’s development and to the project’s completion.” In 2005, the State Council designated Pudong as a pilot area in a national comprehensive reform strategy, marking the start of a new phase of reform in the district. In April 2009, the State Council approved a proposal to merge the administrative division formerly known as Nanhui District into the Pudong New Area.

With an area of 1,210 square kilometers, equivalent to one fifth of Shanghai, the Pudong New Area is home to 4.12 million residents and accounts for over one quarter of the city’s total economic output. During Shanghai Expo in 2010, three quarters of the total exhibition area of 5.28 square kilometers was located in Pudong.

Pudong’s development has reached new levels since the 18th CPC National Congress. It offers a dynamic snapshot of China’s reform and opening up and socialist modernization. As part of a national strategy, the Pudong development project has led to significant and constant improvement in the area’s ability to satisfy diverse needs. In addition to driving Shanghai’s transformation into a hub of international finance and shipping, it has attracted businesses in a wide variety of sectors including advanced manufacturing, coastal industries, hi-tech industries, and producer services. With a focus on innovation and transformation, a new round of reform and development is currently under way, propelled by efforts to build the Shanghai Free Trade Zone and a technology innovation center.  

浦东开发开放

在邓小平的关怀和推动下,1990年4月18日,国务院正式宣布开发开放浦东,随后,上海市委、市政府按照中央的战略部署,制定了“开发浦东、振兴上海、服务全国、面向世界”的开发方针,浦东开始成为享誉国际的中国“改革样本”。1991年年初,邓小平嘱咐时任上海市委书记、市长朱镕基等,“抓紧浦东开发,不要动摇,一直到建成”。2005年,国务院正式批准浦东成为国家综合配套改革试点,标志着浦东改革开放进入了新阶段。2009年4月,国务院批复同意将原南汇区行政区域划入浦东新区。

新浦东面积1210平方公里,占全市1/5左右,常住人口412万,经济总量占全市1/4以上。2010年上海世博会期间,5.28平方公里的场馆区有3/4位于浦东。

党的十八大以来,浦东开发开放取得了新成就,实现了跨越式发展,是中国改革开放和社会主义现代化建设的展示窗口和生动缩影。浦东开发开放作为国家战略,整体功能不断得到显著提升,不仅是上海建设国际金融中心、国际航运中心的着力点,还汇集了先进制造业、临港工业、高新技术产业、生产性服务业等现代产业。当前,在建设上海自贸区和科创中心的战略驱动下,围绕着创新与转型,浦东正展开新一轮的改革发展。