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Resolution on Certain Historical Issues of the Party Since the Founding of the People's Republic

(Reform and Opening Up)

Updated:2018-10-29 |

Resolution on Certain Historical Issues of the Party Since the Founding of the People's Republic

Around the time of the third plenary session of the 11th Central Committee, the CPC was struggling to extricate itself from political and ideological chaos. Doubts surfaced both inside and outside the Party about socialism and the viability of the Party, and about Mao Zedong's lifelong contributions and the validity of his ideas. Against this backdrop a resolution on some key related issues was developed. Commencing in November 1979, the drafting process underwent multiple rounds of discussions and revisions before the final document was adopted by consensus at the sixth plenary session of the 11th CPC Central Committee in June 1981.

The resolution evaluated major initiatives the Party had launched since the founding of the People's Republic of China, and in particular the Cultural Revolution. It also assessed Mao's accomplishments and missteps as well as the basic tenets of his philosophy and its value in guiding the nation forward. The misguided thinking behind the Cultural Revolution and the so-called "continuous revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat" was unequivocally repudiated. Evidence-based conclusions were reached on important events and people in history, and on our experience with the socialist revolution and economic development under socialism. The resolution reaffirmed the step-by-step approach to building a strong, modern socialist country, in response to China's existing realities, pursued since the third plenary session of the 11th CPC Central Committee. It set the future direction of Chinese socialism and of the Party, and helped build cohesion within the Party. It made a fact-based assessment of Mao's place in history, and fully reconfirmed Mao Zedong Thought as the CPC's guiding philosophy.