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Strategy for Invigorating China Through Science and Education

(On Governance)

Updated:2019-04-16 |

Strategy for Invigorating China Through Science and Education

The strategy for invigorating China through science and education was unveiled by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council at the National Conference on Science and Technology held in May 1995. It has been enriched with the infusion of new insights contained in a series of policies rolled out since then, including the Ninth Five-year Plan and Vision 2010. It was highlighted in the report to the 19th CPC National Congress as one of the seven strategies for completing the building of a moderately prosperous society.

This strategy is guided by the thinking that science and technology is a primary source of productivity growth. It emphasizes the importance of education and science and technology in promoting economic and social development, and the need to strengthen capacity in science and technology and to expand the application of science and technology to productivity growth, so as to increase the contribution of science and technology to the economy. The strategy also aims to raise public awareness and understanding as part of the effort to increase the role of science and technology in economic development and to promote human development, a move that helps accelerate China’s march toward greater prosperity.

This strategy relies on education. To ensure that science and technology plays its due role in economic development, further institutional reform is necessary in education and in the field of science and technology, and better alignment is called for between education and science and technology on the one hand and the economy in general on the other. Science and technology initiatives should be better geared toward economic development, and focus more on tackling urgent issues that bear on economic development. Education should be oriented toward modernization and toward the future, with greater openness to the outside world. Structural reform in education should proceed in tandem with measures to rationalize resource allocation, so as to improve education quality and efficiency and to ensure that education better serves the economy.