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Completing the Building of a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects

(On Governance)

Updated:2019-04-17 |

Completing the Building of a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects

A moderately prosperous society is an ideal society that the Chinese nation has pursued since ancient times. The vision of such a society was raised by Deng Xiaoping in the late 1970s and early 1980s, when the roadmap for China’s economic and social development was being crafted. Thanks to the concerted efforts of the whole nation, the goal of a markedly improved life for the people had become a basic reality by the end of the 20th century.

Taking this into consideration, in its report to the 16th National Congress in 2002 the CPC Central Committee called for a continued push to build a moderately prosperous society in all respects in the first 20 years of the 21st century. New and more ambitious elements were subsequently added to this expanded concept at the Party’s 17th National Congress in 2007. In its report to the 18th National Congress in 2012 the CPC Central Committee announced the goal of completing the process of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects by the year 2020.

While “a moderately prosperous society” sets the goal for a higher level of social-economic development, “in all respects” requires balanced, sustainable, and properly coordinated development. The toughest and heaviest task is to help rural areas – poor areas in particular – and the most essential and urgent task is to further unlock and develop the nation’s productive forces.

The 18th CPC Central Committee announced the goal of helping all rural residents living below the current poverty line eliminate poverty by 2020. The report to the 19th CPC National Congress described the period between now and 2020 as “decisive” in completing the process.

The goal is the shared aspiration of the more than 1.3 billion Chinese people. This is the first of the Two Centennial Goals, and will be a milestone in the journey toward national rejuvenation.