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​Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era

(On Governance)

Updated:2019-04-17 |

Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era

Since the 18th CPC National Congress, in seeking to provide a clear definition of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, the CPC Central Committee with Xi Jinping at its core has put forward a series of new concepts, ideas, and strategies on governance, which has given shape to Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. The report to the 19th CPC National Congress elaborated on these ideas, established Xi Jinping Thought as a long-term guiding thought of the Party, and wrote it into the Constitution of the Communist Party of China. The Amendment to the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China that was approved at the first session of the 13th National People’s Congress held in March 2018 also included Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. This turned Xi Jinping Thought from a guiding thought of the Party to a timely update of the guiding thought of the state.

The thought is rich in content. It defines the overarching objectives, tasks, plans, strategies, external conditions, and political guarantees for the new era, as well as the model and drivers of development. It also provides theoretical analysis and policy guidance on issues related to the economy, political affairs, the rule of law, science and technology, culture, education, people’s wellbeing, ethnic and religious affairs, social development, ecological conservation, national security, defense and the armed forces, “one country, two systems” and national reunification, the united front, foreign affairs, and Party building.

These are summed up in eight areas and 14 points, which can be found in the report to the 19th CPC National Congress. Together they form an organic whole and reflect the CPC’s constant efforts to free minds, seek truth from facts, move with the times, and apply a realistic and pragmatic approach. They provide profound answers to major theoretical and practical issues about the development of the Party and the state in the new era, and show the CPC’s deeper understanding of the laws that underlie governance by a communist party, the development of socialism, and the evolution of human society. 

Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era represents the latest achievement in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context. It embodies the essence of the Chinese spirit in contemporary China, and serves as a guide to action for political and social activities in China. The thought has ushered in a new era for Chinese socialism; social practice in turn will lead to its constant enrichment and improvement in the future.



习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想内涵十分丰富,包括新时代坚持和发展中国特色社会主义的总目标、总任务、总体布局、战略布局和发展方式、发展动力、战略步骤、外部条件、政治保证等方面的基本问题,并根据新的实践对经济、政治、法治、科技、文化、教育、民生、民族、宗教、社会、生态文明、国家安全、国防和军队、“一国两制”和祖国统一、统一战线、外交、党的建设等各方面作出理论分析和政策指导。习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想的核心要义是坚持和发展中国特色社会主义,核心内容是中共十九大报告概括的“八个明确”、“十四个坚持”。“八个明确”、“十四个坚持”有机融合、有机统一,体现了解放思想、实事求是、与时俱进、求真务实的思想精髓, 深刻回答了新时代党和国家事业发展的一系列重大理论和现实问题,深化了党对共产党执政规律、社会主义建设规律、人类社会发展规律的认识。