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Home > Targeted Poverty Elimination

Social Assistance in Poverty Alleviation

Updated:2021-01-12 | By:China.org.cn

社会扶贫

社会扶贫是指多元行动主体针对贫困人口和社会弱势群体所提供的各种救助、开发以及社会服务活动。自20世纪90年代中期开始,社会扶贫一直是中国扶贫的重要组成部分。中国的社会扶贫是具有中国特色的广义的社会扶贫概念,大体可划分为三种主要类型:第一种是政府组织和协调的带有再分配性质的社会扶贫,包括各级机关事业单位开展的定点扶贫、东西协作扶贫以及军队和武警部队扶贫;第二种是企业基于社会责任,开展与贫困地区互利的企业扶贫;第三种是以非营利性的社会组织和个人为主进行的纯粹的扶贫活动。这三种方式构成的社会扶贫,为中国减贫事业作出了重要的贡献。

社会扶贫作为一种具有中国特色的扶贫模式,有着自身独特的理论、实践及政策背景,与专项扶贫、行业扶贫共同构成中国扶贫开发的大扶贫格局。

Social Assistance in Poverty Alleviation

Social assistance refers to all kinds of aid, development help and social services provided by multiple actors to poor population and disadvantaged groups. Social assistance has since the mid-1990s been an important part of China's poverty alleviation campaign.

Social assistance can be generally divided into three types:

(1) Redistribution under government organization and coordination, including designated tasks undertaken by Party and government departments at all levels, cooperation between the east and the west, and missions performed by the military and armed police force;

(2) Corporate involvement to fulfill their social responsibility for helping poor areas; and

(3) Pure assistance offered by non-profit social organizations and individuals.

These three types of social assistance each make a great contribution to China's poverty reduction efforts. Together with special programs and corporate support, they form great synergy in the all-encompassing campaign against poverty.

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