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Home > Targeted Poverty Elimination

Internal Impetus for Poverty Elimination

Updated:2021-01-13 | By:China.org.cn

内生动力

内生动力在最抽象意义上是指事物发展的内因,是个体和区域发展的根本力量。激发贫困群众、贫困地区脱贫与发展的内生动力不仅是打赢脱贫攻坚战的重要战略选择,有助于更好更快地取得脱贫攻坚的最终胜利,而且是促进贫困群众全面发展的必由之路。唯有贫困群众拥有了脱贫的积极性和主动性,他们才能在真正意义上摆脱贫困。

中共十八大以来,习近平在多个场合就脱贫要靠内生动力作出重要指示,强调要输血和造血相结合、内外结合发展、变要我发展为我要发展、扶贫先扶智、阻止贫困代际传递、重视干部群众的首创精神,等等。他尤其重视激发贫困人口的内生脱贫动力,在他看来,贫困地区发展要靠内生动力,如果只是凭空救济出一个新村,或简单改变村容村貌,但其内在活力不行,劳动力不能回流,没有经济上的持续来源,这个地方的下一步发展也还是存在问题。只要贫困地区干部群众有走出贫困的志向和内生动力,有更加振奋的精神状态、更加扎实的工作作风,坚持自力更生、艰苦奋斗,就能够凝聚起打赢脱贫攻坚战的强大力量。

Internal Impetus for Poverty Elimination

Internal impetus is the fundamental force driving the development of individuals and regions. Motivating the poor and stimulating poor regions is a strategic approach to the battle against poverty. Only by applying their own initiative can these people escape poverty in the true sense.

Since 2012, Xi Jinping has advocated motivating the poor through such ideas as "aiding people" and "making people aid themselves." He wants to change the mindset from "others want me to develop" to "I want to develop," improve education facilities for the poor, stop the intergenerational transmission of poverty, and give play to the creativity of local officials and residents.

Xi values the internal motivation of the poor. If assistance only brightens the image of a village, or creates a brand new village out of nothing for relocated people, these places will still lack social vigor, and workers will not come back to work there. Without a strong catalyst for sustainable economic growth, these localities will still face problems. But if the local people have the confidence and resolution to fight poverty, work diligently, and apply high moral standards, they will build a strong synergy in the fight against poverty.

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