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Environmental Protection Policy

Environmental protection has been a basic national policy since the 1980s. In 1984, the State Environmental Protection Committee was established and the first Environmental Protection Law was formally issued in 1989. China was among the first countries to formulate and carry out a strategy of sustainable development following the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992. In 1993, the Environmental Resources Committee of the NPC was set up. So far, the NPC and State Council have promulgated nine laws for environmental protection, 15 laws for management of natural resources and 50 regulations on environmental protection. Environmental protection authorities have publicized over 100 national environmental protection regulations and more than 1,000 local ones. 

Child, with his parents, playing with a baby tiger in “Baby Animal Paradise,” Wild Animal World, Chongqing

At the turn of the 21st century, the state responded to stresses on natural resources caused by fast economic growth, high consumption and high pollution by proposing a "green strategy," an inevitable choice for China's sustainable economic development. This strategy includes developing a circular economy, increasing resource-utilization efficiency; developing clean production, reducing pollution cost in production processes; developing green consumption, reducing the ecological impact of consumption; developing new energy resources, reforming production methods, moving towards an eco-industrial civilization, and creating a balanced eco-environment. 

From January 1, 2007, China began to implement a Government Green Procurement System. The State Environmental Protection Administration and the Ministry of Finance jointly issued the Opinions on Implementation of Products with Environment  Label for Government Procurement and the first Government Purchase List. The list was made after overall consideration of national economic development as well as the level of each product's performance, reputation and market maturity. The items on the list were selected from products with environmental labels issued by the state-approved certification authorities for environmental labeling. The content of the list contains basic information about the producer's name, product type, and certification number from the China Certification Committee for Environmental Labeling Products and validity date.


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