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The construction of China's coastal ports focuses on transportation systems for coal, containers, iron ore imports, grain, RORO operations between mainland and islands, and deep-water access to the sea — in particular, strengthening container transport systems. The government has concentrated on the construction of a group of deep-water container wharves at Dalian, Tianjin, Qingdao, Shanghai, Ningbo, Xiamen and Shenzhen, and thus laid the foundation for China's container hubs. The coal transportation system has been further strengthened with the construction of coal loading and unloading wharves. In addition, wharves handling crude oil and iron ore imports have been reconstructed and expanded. By the end of 2006, China's coastal ports had over 2,500 berths of medium size or above, of which 1,030 were 10,000-ton-class berths; their handling capacity was 93 million standard containers a year, ranking first in the world for the fourth year running.
China has ten ports whose freight volumes exceed 100 million tons a year. The ports of Shanghai, Shenzhen, Qingdao, Tianjin, Guangzhou, Xiamen, Ningbo and Dalian are listed among the world's top 50 container ports. Shanghai Port became the largest port in the world for the first time in 2005, as its freight volume exceeded that of Singapore Port. It retained that position in 2006, with freight volume of 537 million tons.
Maiden voyage from Weihai of the first luxury roll-on-roll-off passenger ship made in China
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