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Governor: Liang Baohua

Capital: Nanjing

Government office address: 70 West Beijing Road, Nanjing City

Postcode: 210013



Geographic location

Jiangsu, situated at the center of the eastern coast, is between 116°18' and 121°57' east longitude and between 30°45' and 35°20' north latitude. It stretches on both banks of the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and boards the Yellow Sea in the east. Its coastline extends some 1,000 km. The province links Anhui and Shandong in the northwest and borders on Shanghai and Zhejiang in the southeast. It covers a total area of 102,600 sq km, making up 1.06% of China's total territory.
Jiangsu 2004 - The Year in Review

General Economy

Gross domestic product (GDP)

GDP for 2004 was 1.55 trillion yuan, up 14.9% from the previous year.

Revenue and expenditure

Provincial revenue was 221.64 billion yuan, an increase of 28.8% over the previous year. Provincial expenditure was 129.67 billion yuan, an increase of 17.3%

Consumer price index (CPI)

CPI was 4.1% up from the previous year.

Investment in fixed assets

Fixed asset investment was valued at 682.76 billion yuan, up by 28% from the previous year.

Major Industries


In 2004, the province's total grain output was 28.29 million tons, an increase of 14.5% from the previous year.


The industrial added value was 644.75 billion yuan, an increase of 23.4%


The total output value from high-tech industries was 575 billion yuan, up by 42.3%.


Its taxes paid and profits totaled 16.88 billion yuan, up by 29.7%.


Freight carried by various means of transport during the year amounted to a total of 210.07 billion ton-kilometers, 15.7% up from the previous year. Passengers carried by various means of transport numbered 110.28 billion person-kilometers during the year, up 12.9%.

Postal services

The annual turnover of postal operations totaled 4.67 billion yuan, a growth of 5.1%.


Its annual turnover was 49.78 billion yuan, up by 26.4% from the previous year.


The annual turnover from retail sales reached 415.97 billion yuan, an increase of 16.6% from the previous year.


Revenue from domestic tourism totaled 128.98 billion yuan, up by 32.3%. Foreign exchange earnings from tourism totaled US$1.76 billion, up by 55.8%.

Continued Effects of Market Reform

Imports & exports

The annual value of imports and exports totaled US$170.81 billion, an increase of 50.3% from the previous year.

Economic and technological cooperation

Overseas project and labor contracts signed during the year were valued at US$2.45 billion, up 17.5% from the previous year. Business turnover for the year totaled US$2.48 billion, an increase of 25.6% from the previous year. By the end of 2004, a total of 91,086 people were working outstation.

Foreign investment

Foreign investment realized in monetary terms was US$12.1 billion, up by 14.5% from the year before.

Urban Construction and Management

Road transport

A total of 421 km of new express highways were open to traffic; and 18,000 km of rural highways were built during the year.

Social Undertakings

Science and technology

The expenditure on various scientific and technological activities during the year totaled 43.2 billion yuan, up by 15.9%. Of this figure, 19.5 billion yuan were invested in research and development activities, accounting for 1.3% of the province's GDP.


By the end of 2004, the province had a total of 111 institutions of higher learning. The number of students enrolled during the year stood at 314,000. A total of 197,400 students graduated.


The province has a total of 130 arts performance organizations, 114 cultural and arts centers, 100 public libraries, 92 museums, and 170 archives.

Public health

At the end of the year, there were 14,059 public health institutions staffed with a work force of 247,900 people and equipped with 176,200 beds.


Athletes from the province won 40 golds and 122 silvers in various national games during the year.

Welfare and aid

At the end of the year, various welfare units were equipped with 91,000 beds and put up 76,000 homeless and vagrant people. There were 24,974 community centers at the year end. The welfare fund raised during the year totaled 260 million yuan. Direct donations received from the public were 133 million yuan. About 929,000 urban and rural residents received basic living allowances from the government.

Poverty relief

The provincial government appropriated 49.25 million as scholarship for students from poor families to receive university education, and allocated 150 million yuan to support 10,000 rural students in vocational training. A total of 110,000 peasant families benefited from the government's micro-financing fund of 130 million yuan.

Population, Employment, Social Security and Living Standards


In 2004, the birth rate was 9.45‰, and the mortality rate 7.2‰. The natural growth rate of the population stood at 2.25‰. At the end of the year, the resident population was 74.325 million, an increase of 267,000 from the previous year.


The employed population of the province was 44.825 million at the end of 2004, an increase of 139,000 from the year before. A total of 405,000 laid-off workers got re-employed during the year.

Registered unemployment rate

The registered unemployment rate was 3.9%, down by 0.2 percentage points.

Social security

In 2004, insurance plans for endowments, medical treatment, and unemployment covered a population of 11.02 million, 9.76 million, and 7.97 million respectively.

Residents' income

The disposable income of urban residents was 10,482 yuan per capita, up by 8.7% from 2003. Rural residents' per capita net income was 4,754 yuan, up 7.2%.

Residents' expenditure

The per capita consumption was 7,332 yuan, a growth of 9.3% from the year before.

Geography and Natural Conditions


The province is located in the fertile land of the Yangtze River delta. Most of its land is flat, dotted with the Taihu and Hongze Lake; two of the five largest freshwater lakes in China. On its southwestern and northern borders are hilly lands.

Of the province's territory, the plains cover a total area of 70,600 sq km; water covers a total of 17,300 sq km; cultivated land amounts to some 5 million ha.


Located in a transit belt from the subtropics to a warm temperate zone, Jiangsu features a distinctive monsoon climate. Generally speaking, the area south of the Huaihe River and the Northern Jiangsu General Irrigation Canal enjoys a subtropical humid monsoon climate while the area northward enjoys a warm temperate humid monsoon climate. It is warm with moderate rainfalls and clear-cut seasons in the province. The annual average temperature is between 13-16 centigrade. The annual rainfall is between 724-1,210 mm. The rainfall in summer accounts for 50% of the annual rainfall.

Natural resources

Water resources
Jiangsu boasts a network of rivers and lakes. The Yangtze River runs over 400 km through the province from west to east while the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal runs 690 km from north to south. There is the Qinhuai River in its southwest; Northern Jiangsu General Irrigation Canal, Xinmu River and Nantong-Yanzhou Canal in the northern part. The province also boasts more than 290 lakes including the Taihu Lake and Hongze Lake.

Jiangsu has abundant aquatic resources. The area of fish farms in the east coast reaches 154,000 sq km. The noted four farms including Lusi and Haizhou Bay teem with yellow croaker, cutlass fish, butterfish, shrimps, crabs, shellfish and algae. The province is also the major producer of freshwater crabs and eel fry. The inland waters within the province cover a total area of 1.73 million ha. The aquatic farms cover a total area of some 533,333 ha, cultivating 140 types of fish.

Mineral resources
Jiangsu has a wide distribution of mineral resources with a rich variety. The mineral products discovered so far total 120. Major energy resources include coal, petroleum and natural gas. Non-metallic resources include sulphur, phosphorus, sodium salt, crystal, cyanite, sapphire, diamond, kaolin, limestone, quartz sand, marble and pottery clay. The metallic resources include copper, lead, zinc, silver, gold, strontium and manganese. The province is particularly rich in clay, building materials, chemical raw materials, metallurgic auxiliary materials, minerals for special uses and non-ferrous metals.

Tourism resources

Jiangsu has a long history of a relatively developed economy and culture. Rich in landscape gardens, scenic attractions and historical sites, it is noted for having the largest number of historical cities in the country. Such cities include Nanjing, Suzhou, Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, Changshu, Xuzhou and Huai'an. There are 20 scenic spots, 23 forest parks, 6 holiday resorts and 416 cultural heritage sites under the state and provincial-level protection. Classical gardens in Suzhou were put on the world cultural heritage site list by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

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