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Governor: Zhang Wenyue

Capital: Shenyang

Government office address: 45 Beiling Street, Huanggu District, Shenyang

Tel: 024-8689 3032

Postcode: 110032


Geographic location

Liaoning Province, situated in the south of northeast China, lies at 181°53' to 125°46' east longitude, and 38°43' to 43°26' north latitude. Liaoning is in a temperate zone and adjoins Jilin and Hebei provinces and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and is bordered along the Yalu River by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK).
Liaoning 2004 - The Year in Review

General Economy

Gross domestic product (GDP)

GDP for 2004 was 687.27 billion yuan, up 12.8% from the previous year.

GDP ratio (primary, secondary and tertiary industries)

The primary industry yielded a value added of 76.99 billion yuan, 7.9% more than that of the previous year; the secondary industry, 327.89 billion yuan, a growth of 16.0%; the tertiary industry, 282.39 billion yuan, a growth of 10.7%. The proportion of the three sectors is 11.2: 47.7: 41.1.

Revenue and expenditure

Provincial revenue was 52.96 billion yuan, an increase of 24% over the previous year. Regional expenditure was 92.06 billion yuan, an increase of 17.4%.

Consumer price index (CPI)

CPI was up 3.5% from the previous year.

Investment in fixed assets

Fixed asset investment was valued at 298.05 billion yuan, up by 43.1% from the previous year.

Major Industries


In 2004, the province's total grain output was 17.2 million tons, an increase of 14.8% from the previous year.


The industrial added value totaled 225.57 billion yuan, an increase of 23.4%.


Export value of high-tech products was US$2.9 billion, up 9.2%.


The contractual value of various projects signed during the year was 171.28 billion yuan, up 20.3%.


Freight carried by various means of transport during the year amounted to a total of 299.99 billion ton-kilometers, 23.6% up from the previous year. Passengers carried by various means of transport numbered 66.19 billion person-kilometers during the year, up 21.4%.

Postal services

The annual turnover of postal operations totaled 2.05 billion yuan, 8.0% up from the previous year.


The annual turnover of telecommunications services totaled 35.21 billion yuan, up 38.2%.


The annual turnover from retail sales reached 264.28 billion yuan, an increase of 13.4% from the previous year.


Revenue from tourism totaled 57 billion yuan, up 28.1% from the 2003 figure.

Continued Effects of Market Reform

Imports & exports

The annual value of imports and exports totaled US$34.44 billion, up 29.9%.

Economic and technological cooperation

Overseas project and labor contracts signed during the year numbered 917 and were valued at US$600 million, up 21.0% from the previous year. Business turnover for the year totaled US$560 million, up 15.0% from the previous year. A total of 67,000 people were working outstation at the year-end.

Foreign investment

The foreign direct investment which was materialized during the year stood at US$5.41 billion, up 91.5%.

Urban Construction and Management

Road transport

By the end of 2004, a total of 52,415 km of highways, including 1,637 express highways, had opened to traffic.

Social Undertakings

Science and technology

The number of research and development (R&D) institutes had reached 1,300 by the end of the year. The annual input in R&D programs totaled 9.9 billion yuan, up 20%.


The number of students enrolled in postgraduate schools and institutions of higher learning during the year stood at 17,000 and 184,000 respectively.


By the end of 2004, the province had a total of 74 arts performance organizations, 125 cultural and arts centers, 128 public libraries, and 35 museums.

Public health

At the end of the year, there were 13,000 medical and health institutions staffed with a work force of 211,000 people. Hospitals across the province are provided with 159,000 beds, down 0.1% from the previous year. There were a total of 129 local centers for disease control and prevention.


The sports lottery reaped sales of 540 million yuan, raising a total of 190 million yuan of public funds.

Welfare and aid

At the end of 2004, various welfare units across the province were equipped with 70,000 beds and put up 49,000 homeless and vagrant people during the year. There were 8,458 urban community service facilities at the end of the year. The welfare lottery reaped sales of 1.53 billion yuan in 2004, raising public welfare funds of 530 million. Public donations totaled 78.81 million yuan.

Poverty relief

At the year-end, there was a poor population of 1.124 million in rural areas, a reduction of 397,000 from the previous year-end. About 530 million yuan were spent on helping poverty-stricken residents to get necessary medical treatment and improve housing conditions. About 110 million yuan were raised to support 495,000 students from poor families.

Population, Employment, Social Security and Living Standards


The year 2004 saw births of 275,000, or a birth rate of 6.5‰, and deaths of 236,000, or a mortality rate of 5.6‰. The natural growth rate of the population stood at 0.9‰. At the end of the year, the total population stood at 42.17 million.


The employed population stood at 20.905 million at the year-end, up 3.5% from the previous year-end.

Registered unemployment rate

The registered urban unemployment rate was 6.4%, down 0.3 percentage points from the previous year.

Social security

In 2004, insurance plans for endowments, unemployment and medical treatment covered a population of 10.997 million, up 2.9%, 6.162 million, down 1%, and 7.825 million, up 11.9%, respectively. About 1.513 million people received minimum living allowances from government.

Residents' income

The disposable income of urban residents was 8,008 yuan per capita, up by 7.6% from 2003. Rural residents' per capita net income was 3,307 yuan, up 7.1%.

Residents' consumption

Urban residents' per capita expenditure was 6,543 yuan, up by 5.9% from the previous year while that of rural residents was 2,073 yuan, up by 3.5%.

Geography and Natural Conditions


The coastline of Liaoning Province is 2,178 km long – nearly 12% of China's total. The hilly regions in east Liaoning are the main area for forest. Adjoining the long, narrow costal plains (usually called the Liaoxi Corridor) is the main road for northeast China, linking with north China. Liaohe Plain in Central Liaoning, as a part of the Northeastern China Plain, has sedimentary deposits from the Liaohe River and other tributaries. The plain has abundant water and fertile soil, and is the main farming area and commodity grain base in the province.


Liaoning has a continental monsoon climate with distinct seasonal variations. It has an annual rainfall of 714.9 mm, annual average temperature of 4℃-10℃ with a frost-free period of 140-200 days.

Natural resources

Water resources
There are 392 rivers of a total length of 160,000 km with a drainage area of 145,000 sq km in the province. Liaohe River, one of the seven longest rivers in China, is 512 km long and has a drainage area of 69,000 sq km in the province. The average runoff of rivers in Liaoning has reached 32.5 billion cubic meters, or a 223 mm runoff depth. The province has a total water resource of 36.3 billion cubic meters.

Liaoning has plentiful fishing resources with its marine life area ranking second in China.

Nearly 115 minerals have been found in Liaoning, and reserves of 64 minerals have been located. Its reserves of minerals such as iron, boron, magnesite, diamonds and talcum are some of the largest deposits in China.

Liaohe Oil Field is the third largest oil and natural gas field in China. Its reserves of oil and natural gas account for 15% and 10% of the country's total.

Biological resources
Liaoning has a total forestry area of 4.185 million ha, with 28.7% forest cover. It also has a lot of fruit trees. It has the third largest total area of fruit in the defoliated zone and the second largest production in the area.

Tourism resources

Liaoning has over 11,300 cultural remains, including 19 national-level key protection units and 159 provincial-level key protection units. There are 7 state-class natural reserves and 7 provincial-class natural reserves.

Some of the folk festivals attract the attention of both domestic and foreign visitors such as the Dalian Costume Festival.

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