Dense smog hits east, central China

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Dense fog shrouds many parts of China

Heavy fog envelops Nanchang, E China

China to curb auto emission due to air pollution

China has pledged to vigorously curb vehicle exhaust emissions after hazardous air pollution has shrouded parts of the country for several straight days.

Beijing moves to curb prolonged haze pollution

Haze drives demand for clean air products

Beijing air pollution reaches dangerous levels

China issues yellow fog alert

Healthy debate over Beijing's air quality

Beijing shrouded in heavy smog

Smoggy weather engulfs large areas of China

Fog, haze lead to big spike in pollution levels

China enveloped in dense smog

Beijing choked by dense smog


 Introductory guide to fog, haze, smog and PM2.5 

Fog is a collection of liquid water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air at or near the Earth's surface. 

Haze is traditionally an atmospheric phenomenon where dust, smoke and other dry particles obscure the clarity of the sky. 

Smog is a type of air pollution; the word "smog" was coined in the early 20th century as a portmanteau of the words smoke and fog to refer to smoky fog. 

PM2.5 particles are air pollutants with a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or less, small enough to invade even the smallest airways. 



The Great Smog of 1952

The Great Smog of 1952 or Big Smoke was a severe air pollution event that affected London from December 5 to 9, 1952. It is known to be the worst air pollution event in the history of the United Kingdom. It mixed with black smoke emitted from homes and factories to create a deadly smog, leaving at least 12,000 people dead.



What did London do to reduce air pollution? 


• Environmental legislation  

Local government in London released a series of environmental laws and regulations since 1952, such as the City of London Act 1954 and the Clean Air Acts of 1956 and 1968. Clean Air Acts of 1956 was an important milestone in the development of a legal framework to protect the environment. The Act introduced an idea of "smokelesszones" where smokeless fuels only could be burnt. Power stations were also moved to more rural areas and sulpher dioxide levels were reduced by introducing cleaner fuel sources.


• Set emission reduction targets

The 2007 Air Quality Strategy introduced a new exposure reduction regime for PM2.5, claiming that PM2.5 annual average must be less than 25 micrograms per cubic meter in roads and other highly polluted areas. The regime, for the first time, attempted to reduce the exposure of all urban dwellers.


• Develop new technology

London explored a new technology to tackle the air pollution by spreading calcium magnesium acetate on the city's busiest roads, which just likes "pollution glue" to absorb dangerous chemicals out of the air and "glue" them to the tarmac.



 The correct way to use a dust mask




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