In a drive to promote sustainable growth China yesterday
published a list of coal and electricity consumption for every
province, autonomous region and municipality except Tibet on the
The list, compiled by the National Development and Reform
Commission (NDRC), the National Bureau of Statistics and the
National Energy Leading Group Office, measures how much energy was
consumed per 10,000 yuan (US$1,250) of GDP in 2005.
It also includes energy consumption figures for every 10,000
yuan of industrial added value.
Guangdong was the most economical province, using 0.79 tons of
standard coal last year for every 10,000 yuan of GDP. Beijing, with
0.8 tons of standard coal consumption, ranked second.
The Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region in northwest
China was the most inefficient in energy use, consuming of 4.14
tons of standard coal.
The national average was 1.22 tons.
"The list will help provincial officials compare themselves with
other regions, and push them to improve efficiency," said Zhou
Dadi, director general of the Energy Research Institute of the
NDRC, the nation's top economic planning body.
"Officials will be assessed in terms of energy saved, instead of
just GDP growth rate which they were measured on in the past," said
"Energy efficiency will take top priority in the promotion of
As for Ningxia's poor performance in energy saving, Zhou
explained that the region's economic growth was highly dependant on
heavy industries such as producing metals.
China's 11th Five-Year Plan (2006-10) calls for overall
consumption of energy per unit of GDP to be cut by 20 percent in
The current energy consumption per unit of GDP in China is about
three times that of the United States and 10 times that of Japan,
according to Zhang Jianyu, a visiting scholar at Tsinghua
"It is good to require provinces and industries to take part in
this energy-saving drive," he said.
But he warned against fraud in the reporting of energy
consumption by some regions.
A recent report on world energy resources by BP, one of the
world's largest energy groups, said that although China has
maintained a rapid rate of growth, its energy consumption growth
rate has declined from 15.5 percent in 2004 to 9.5 percent in
To curb the growth of energy thirsty industries, the NDRC has
decided to increase the price of electricity by an average of 0.025
yuan (0.3 US cent) per kilowatt-hour since last Friday.
The price adjustment, according to the NDRC, will not have a
huge impact on household expenses.
"It will promote the development of renewable energy, fund more
power grid projects and resolve the contradiction caused by rising
coal prices," said a statement issued by the NDRC.
(China Daily July 4, 2006)