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Idioms Lesson 22
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Making his mark -- Acting foolishly

Once, a Chu person (Chu is one of the seven hegemonic states of the period of the Warring States in 11th century BC-223 BC) was crossing the river by boat. Carelessly, he dropped his sword into the water and he immediately made a mark on the boat.

"This is where my sword fell" he said. After the boat stopped, he jumped into the river to look for his sword.

The boat had moved, but the man's sword had not. Isn't this a foolish way to look for a sword? Future generations use this analogy to illustrate people who are inflexible and stubborn.

kè zhōu qiú jiàn



       船在移动但这个人的剑并没有移动, 用这种方式来找剑难道不是非常愚蠢的吗?后人用这个典故来形容那些办事拘泥固执、不知变通的人。

luò huāng ér táo
Take to the wilds; be defeated and flee the battle

luò jǐng xià shí
Drop stones on someone who has fallen into a well; hit a person when he is down

qí gǔ xiāng dāng
Be equal in strength; be well matched

qí kāi dé shèng
Win a battle soon after the standard is raised; triumph in the first battle

xīn hěn shǒu là
Cruel and evil; vicious and merciless

xīn huāng yì luàn
Be fidgety and flustered; be alarmed and confused

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