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Part II.

Listen to the following short passages and then choose one of the answers that best fits the meaning of each passage by blackening the corresponding circle. There are ten passages in this part of the test, with one question each, which carries two points.

11. As China's vast interior gets richer, Grenda Lee, Coco-Cola's Shanghai-based director of external affairs, finds herself dreaming about tapping the country's rural market. Chinese peasants account for roughly 70 percent of China's 1.3 billion people, but on average each drinks only three Coke products a year. That compares with some 60 drinks consumed annually in Shanghai and Beijing, 150 in Hong Kong and 420 in the United States. With so many customers at stake, potential profits take on epic scale.

12. With "fractional ownership," the participants actually own a percentage of a jet plane, super-yacht, Old Master painting or a second home, not just the right to use it for a specified amount of time. They enjoy all the benefits of ownership without paying an astronomical price for something they use only occasionally. And, they are able to afford a bigger, better yacht, helicopter or home than they could have bought outright.

13. The evolution of technology is showing no signs of maturing whatsoever. If you look at nanomaterials or photonics, carbon nanotubes, all the things that are going on in new types of energy, environmentally better materials -- there's no shortage of new technology coming. It is nowhere near maturity. Certainly, there's consolidation among business models and competitors, but it doesn't have the telltale signs of a mature industry where there's no innovation.

14. Parkinson's disease can cause a weird variety of different symptoms in different people. The two most common are uncontrollable shaking on the one hand, or rigidity on the other. Balance problems are also frequent. The stranger symptoms can include difficulty going through doorways and deciding what to eat for dinner.

15. The global steel industry is in a mess. Overcapacity and weak demand have hurt producers. In 2002, 847 million tons of steel was produced, but consumption was only 765 million tons. Steel makers have responded by consolidating. Last year in Europe, for example, Arcelor, the world's biggest producer, was formed from a three-way merger of Spain's Aceralia, France's Usinor and Arbed, a Luxemburg-based company.

16. In any movie theater any summer, you can practically hear the atrophying of brain cells. Summer pictures don't insult the audience's intelligence so much as they ignore it, playing instead to the mass-market inner child. But with most big films serving as a form of pop-cultural potty training, there's a grand void to be filled for viewers who have not sent their brains to summer camp -- who want the occasional film to speak to their inner grownup.

17. Political tourism first took off in the 1980s, when activists, angry at the United States for propping up Central American dictators, began flocking to countries like Nicaragua and Honduras to see the result themselves. Groups such as the London-based Nicaragua Solidarity Network were only too happy to accommodate them. After returning home, activist tourists tended to take like-minded compatriots back to the region to express solidarity with a movement, act as international observers or simply educate foreigners on the consequences of cold-war policies.

18. Human cloning involves creating an embryo out of a cell taken from a fully developed human being. "Reproductive" cloning means growing an embryo into a second, genetically identical human being. "Therapeutic" cloning, by contrast, means using an embryo as a source of stem cells for the person who supplied the originally cell. The theory is that stem cells with DNA identical to yours would be more likely to develop successfully into replacement parts for you. Brain cells for people with Parkinson's are the most promising example, but ultimately even severed limbs might grow back this way.

19. The disappointing ministerial conference that concluded in Cancun, Mexico in September will have many ramifications, but sadly the most significant of them will be its impact on poor countries. A more open and equitable trading system would provide them with an important tool in alleviating poverty and raising their levels of economic development.

20. It takes only a trip on the busy but rutted highway that leads north from here to understand how a huge swath of the Amazon jungle could have been razed over the course of just a year. Where the jungle once offered shelter to jaguars, parrots and deer, the land is now increasingly being cleared for soybeans, Brazil's hottest cash crop.

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