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Top 10 classics on traditional Chinese medicine

File photo: Bencao Gangmu (Compendium of Materia Medica) 资料图片:《本草纲目》

File photo: Bencao Gangmu (Compendium of Materia Medica)
5. Bencao Gangmu (Compendium of Materia Medica) 5. 《本草纲目》
The "Bencao Gangmu," also known as "Compendium of Materia Medica," is a Chinese medicine work written by Li Shizhen in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). It is regarded as the most complete and comprehensive medical book ever written in the history of TCM, as well as the one contributing the most to the pharmacy in the Ming Dynasty. 《本草纲目》,药学著作,明代(1368年-1644年)李时珍撰。该书被认为是中国中医历史上最齐全、综合性最强的一本医学书籍,是明代对药学贡献最大的本草著作。
Composed of 52 volumes with over 1.9 million characters, the book includes 1,892 kinds of medicaments, 11,096 pieces of prescriptions and 1,160 illustrations. It lists all the plants, animals, minerals, and other items that were believed to have medicinal properties. 全书共52卷,190多万字,载有药物1892种,收集医方11096个,绘制精美插图1160幅。书中列出了有医疗效用的所有植物、动物、矿物和其他事物。
Based on the previous achievements on materia medica, Li completed and published the book in 1590 after conducting researches of 800 other medical reference books and carrying out field study for a few dozens of years. The book corrected many mistakes and misapprehensions of the nature of herbs and diseases, improved the classification of how traditional medicine was compiled and formatted, mentioned the ideas of advanced biology evolution, and reflected the rich experience of clinical practices. 本书刊于1590年,是作者在总结以前本草学成就的基础上,阅读800本医学参考书籍、实地考察数十年后编成的一部巨著。书中不仅纠正了过去对于本草属性和疾病的认识方面的若干错误,提出了较科学的药物分类方法,融入先进的生物进化思想,并反映了丰富的临床实践。

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