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​A Socialist Approach to Eco-Civilization

By:The Academy of Contemporary China and World Studies

A Socialist Approach to Eco-Civilization

The relationship between humanity and nature is a basic relationship in human society. Marxism holds that human beings have to rely on nature to survive and interact with nature in their production, life and development. The Chinese civilization emphasizes that heaven, earth and humanity are an integrated whole, and that people should observe the laws of nature and take from nature at the proper time and to the proper extent.

The socialist approach to eco-civilization is rooted in traditional Chinese culture, as well as in the decades of practice of the CPC and the Chinese people. It represents their deeper understanding of the relationship between humanity and nature, as they adapt Marxism to China's realities and develop Chinese socialism.

The CPC attaches great importance to building an eco-civilization. In the course of leading the people in eliminating poverty, developing the economy, and advancing modernization in the primary stage of socialism since the founding of the People's Republic in 1949, the CPC central leadership, for successive generations, have followed the laws governing human progress, borne in mind the relationship between humanity and nature, and devoted great efforts to eco-environmental protection and ecological conservation.

In the early days of the People's Republic, the CPC launched a nationwide campaign to plant trees and build water conservancy projects. After reform and opening up began, it adopted resource conservation and environmental protection as a basic national policy, initiated a legal system on eco-environmental protection, and included a strategy on sustainable development in China's long-term plan for economic and social development designed to balance economic development with the population, resources and the environment.

Environmental conservation was highlighted with relevant goals in the report to the CPC's 17th National Congress held in 2007. Since its 18th National Congress in 2012, the CPC has introduced a number of new ideas, concepts and strategies related to eco-civilization and included eco-civilization in its Five-sphere Integrated Plan and Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy. Believing that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets, the CPC wrote this idea into the report to its 19th National Congress in 2017 and into the amended Constitution of the Communist Party of China.

Promoting eco-environmental progress is vital to sustaining China's development. China's modernization is characterized by harmonious coexistence of humanity with nature. In addition to creating more material and cultural wealth to meet people's increasing desire for a better life, it must also provide more quality eco-friendly goods to meet their growing demand for a beautiful environment.

To foster harmony between humanity and nature, China will act on the belief that lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets, continue its national policy of conserving resources and protecting the environment, and apply the principles of prioritizing resource conservation and environmental protection and letting nature restore itself. It will pursue a model of sustainable development featuring increased production, higher living standards and healthy ecosystems. It will institute a sound system of institutions for building an eco-civilization, develop eco-friendly growth 

models and lifestyle, adopt a holistic approach to conserving its mountains, rivers, forests, farmlands, lakes and grasslands, and implement the strictest possible systems for environmental protection. It will continue the Beautiful China initiative so that the people can appreciate pleasant natural landscapes, retain their love of nature, and enjoy agreeable working and living environments. In this way, China will also play its part in ensuring global ecological security.





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