China's modern university system can be traced back to the late Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), when the Imperial University of Peking, later renamed Peking University, was founded in 1898 with the aim of developing a Western university model.
China's higher education system has grown rapidly in the century that followed. Today, there are more than 2,000 universities and colleges across the country.
Much of that growth came in the 1900s, when a number of storied universities took up the historic mission of national rejuvenation and social advancement. They have since played an invaluable role in the country's social development, economic growth and scientific progress.
China.org.cn presents our list of the top ten most influential universities in China in the 20th century.
Party School of the CPC Central Committee 中共中央党校
Party School of the CPC Central Committee [baidu.com]