The Chinese government aims to develop liquid biofuels like
ethanol and bio-diesel in rural areas to cut usage of refined oil
by 10 million tons, or more than a quarter, by 2020, senior
official said on Thursday.
The development of biofuels would solve the country's energy
shortage and ensure national energy security, said Shi Yanquan,
deputy director of the Ministry of Agriculture's department of
science, technology and education.
As the world's third largest oil importer after the United State
and Japan, China imported record-high 36.38 million tons of refined
oil last year, 15.7 percent up on 2005, to fuel an estimated annual
economic growth of 10.7 percent.
Shi said using crops and excrement in rural China to produce
biofuels would meet the country's growing energy demands and boost
Apart from liquid biofuels, the government will focus on
developing methane, compressed stalks for burning and oil-rich
crops in the rural areas in the next five to 10 years, said
Shi said the ministry planned to provide 40 million rural
households with access to methane by 2010, more than double the
number at the end of 2005.
Experts say biofuels are the fourth most important energy source
after coal, oil and natural gas.
(Xinhua News Agency January 26, 2007)