On June 11, the Ministry of Health disclosed details of
infectious diseases nationwide for May 2007.
A total of 363,467 categories A and B infection cases were
reported nationwide on the mainland resulting in 590 deaths.
Cases reported accounted for all 22 types of categories A and B
infectious diseases except for plague, SARS, poliomyelitis, human
bird flu, and diphtheria.
The most reported disease was pulmonary tuberculosis (TB),
followed by hepatitis B, dysentery, measles, and syphilis. These
five accounted for 86.25 percent of reported cases.
Rabies was recorded as the deadliest infectious disease with TB,
AIDS, hepatitis B, and infant tetanus also causing a number of
fatalities. 89.83 percent of deaths could be ascribed to these
108,896 cases of category C infectious diseases were seen,
leading to 6 deaths. Of which, infectious diarrhea, mumps, and
German measles accounted for 96.60 percent of illnesses in this
During May, 49,002 cases of intestinal infectious diseases were
detected indicating a 38.35 percent rise over last month and 0.88
percent down over the same period of last year.
The ministry urged local health departments to strengthen the
monitoring of food sanitation and improve the reporting of
intestinal infectious diseases as this is high season for this type
(Ministry of Health, June 11, 2007)
Infectious diseases are classified into A, B, and C in China
based on nature, transmission channel, and speed. The most pandemic
diseases -- including plague, cholera, and SARS -- fall into the
Category A. Category B diseases spread in less easy channels and at
a lower speed, including typhoid fever, dengue fever, and
scarlatina. Category C is for the least infectious, including
tuberculosis, snail fever, mumps, and leprosy.