0 CommentsPrint E-mail, June 28, 2010
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China announced on June 19, 2009 that it will proceed further with the reform of the Renminbi exchange rate regime. Since China adopted a managed floating exchange rate regime on July 21, 2005, the yuan has appreciated by 16.29% against the US dollar.

Following is the timeline of China's reform of the yuan exchange rate.

  • 1988 -- China sets up semi-official currency swap centres around the country to allow enterprises to trade the yuan at a rate that more closely reflects market demand.
  • 1994, January 1 - China unifies its dual exchange rates by bringing the official and swap centre rates into line, officially devaluing the yuan by 33 percent overnight to 8.7 to the dollar as part of reforms to embrace a "socialist market economy."
  • April - China sets up its first interbank currency market -- the China Foreign Exchange Trade System -- in Shanghai. The central bank intervenes in the market to keep the yuan stable.
  • 1996, December 1 - China allows the yuan to be fully convertible under the current account.
  • 1994-1996 -- The yuan strengthens steadily from 8.7 to the dollar to around 8.28.
  • 1997-1999 -- China wins wide praise for keeping the yuan stable during the Asian financial crisis despite pressure to devalue. The yuan was boxed between 8.2770 and 8.2800 for about three years through frequent central bank intervention.
  • 2000 -- The yuan is allowed to close slightly outside the firm end of its 30-basis point band, which is later widened by another 10 points to 8.2760-8.2800 against the dollar.
  • 2001, December -- China joins the World Trade Organisation and pledges to adjust its currency regime gradually.
  • 2003 -- International pressure begins mounting for the yuan to appreciate to help balance global trade, including China's huge trade surplus with the United States and the rest of the world.
  • 2004, December 8 -- Premier Wen Jiabao says that China would move gradually to a flexible currency regime.
  • 2005, July 21 -- China revalues the yuan by 2.1 percent and revises the rules governing its currency system, saying it had shifted to "a managed floating exchange rate based on market supply and demand with reference to a basket of currencies."
  • 2008, July -- China's central bank effectively pegs the yuan against the dollar close to 6.83 to protect China's economy as it confronted a slowdown due to the global financial crisis.
  • 2009, June -- China said it was going to resume reforming the yuan exchange rate and increase currency flexibility after keeping the yuan tightly linked to the U.S. dollar for nearly two years during and after the global financial crisis.


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