SCIO briefing on production capacity cooperation under B&R Initiative

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Ning Jizhe, vice chairman of National Development and Reform Commission
Xin Guobin, vice minister of Industry and Information Technology

Xi Yanchun, vice director-general of the Press Bureau, State Council Information Office

May 12, 2017

Chairperson Xi Yanchun:

Ladies and gentlemen, good morning. Welcome to the press conference of the State Council Information Office. Today's conference will again be about the Belt and Road Initiative.

We are delighted to invite Mr. Ning Jizhe, vice chairman of National Development and Reform Commission, and Mr. Xin Guobin, vice minister of Industry and Information Technology, to introduce developments in production capacity cooperation between countries and regions along the Belt and Road. They will also answer some of your questions.

Now, let's welcome Mr. Ning to give his briefing.

Ning Jizhe:

Good morning, friends from the media. It’s a pleasure to meet you ahead of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation. Today, we will talk about the production capacity cooperation between countries and regions along the Belt and Road.

As proposed by President Xi Jinping, the Belt and Road Initiative has opened a new chapter for coordinated development of China’s coastal and inland areas, and for the country’s opening up both eastward and westward. It has also charted a new course for different countries to achieve win-win cooperation and peaceful development, and to build a community of a shared future. The initiative has made significant achievements thanks to the enthusiastic response and active participation of all sides.

International production capacity cooperation is a major approach to jointly build the Belt and Road. With this approach, China can use its overall advantages in equipment development, technologies and funds, as well as its comparative advantages in a wide range of fields, to meet the demands for supply and growth of countries along the route, thus promoting common development of the real economy and infrastructure, and achieving complementarity, cooperation for mutual benefit and common development.

China adheres to the Initiative’s principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits to promote green, orderly, open and balanced development of all countries, with industrial enterprises being major players. Fruitful results in production capacity cooperation have been achieved in the following four aspects.

First, an extensive cooperation mechanism has been established. Regarding bilateral cooperation, China has signed production capacity cooperation deals with more than 30 countries along the Belt and Road, such as Kazakhstan and Malaysia. It has also increased cohesion in development plans and projects with other countries, and promoted enterprise cooperation. Regarding multilateral cooperation, China actively participates in and promotes regional and sub-regional cooperation. A series of important documents, including the Joint Statement between ASEAN and China on Production Capacity Cooperation and the Joint Statement on Production Capacity Cooperation among the Lancang/Mekong Countries, have been issued. Plans have also been developed to promote production capacity cooperation in important fields and projects with other countries and to speed up the building of a cooperative framework aiming at achieving win-win situation through open and inclusive approaches.

Second, a number of major projects have been launched. China’s first overseas contracts in regard to high-speed railways and nuclear power have been signed with countries along the Belt and Road. A deal on the Jakarta-Bandung high-speed railway has been secured, with construction starting soon. Construction of unit No.2 of Pakistan’s Karachi nuclear power plant has begun. In various countries, steady progress has been made regarding their programs in the steel, nonferrous metal, construction materials sectors, as well as other fields that all have a great need for Chinese equipment and technology.

From 2013 to 2016, direct investments made by Chinese enterprises in those countries have surpassed US$60 billion. By the end of 2016, Chinese enterprises had established 56 business cooperation zones in those countries, attracting over 1,000 companies. They have generated total output valued at over US$50 billion, total tax revenues of over US$1.1 billion and more than 180,000 new jobs for the host countries. In the first quarter this year, Chinese enterprises have signed nearly 1,000 project contracts in those countries valued at US$14.4 billion, 4.7 percent up year-on-year and accounting for nearly half of the total value of contracts signed in Q1.

While countries along the Belt and Road have become major destinations for Chinese investments and major markets for Chinese infrastructure, equipment, technologies, services and brands, Chinese enterprises have made concrete contributions to those countries by improving their infrastructure, upgrading their productivity, accelerating their industrial development, enhancing employment and improving people’s livelihood.

Third, the support system has been enhanced. To provide strong support to enterprises engaging in production capacity cooperation, we are giving full play to policy-based, development-oriented and commercial financial institutions. We have established cooperation funds and other financial platforms, and encouraged financial institutions to launch various programs to promote cooperation in this regard. By the end of 2016, the China Development Bank and the Export-Import Bank of China had issued loans totaling over US$110 billion in countries along the Belt and Road; the China Export & Credit Insurance Corporation had provided insurance worth US$320 billion for export and investment programs; nine Chinese banks have established 62 primary affiliates in 26 countries. So far, China has signed currency swap agreements worth over 900 billion yuan with 22 countries in a bid to integrate production capacity cooperation with the yuan’s internationalization.

Fourth, the investment environment has been gradually improved. China has continuously deepened reforms to streamline administration, delegate more powers, improve regulation, and provide better services. It has enhanced investment facilitation and standardized services for Chinese enterprises, urged them to carefully observe the laws of host countries, and guided them to fulfill their responsibilities to society and for the environment. By the end of 2016, China had signed bilateral investment agreements with 53 countries and double taxation avoidance agreements with 54 countries. Negotiations on ISO cooperation agreements, visa facilitation agreements and various other cooperation documents are underway. These efforts have promoted an orderly flow and sound allocation of capital, technologies, personnel and other production resources, cut down enterprise costs in fulfilling administrative procedures, and created a good environment for production capacity and investment cooperation.

At the upcoming forum, President Xi will deliver a keynote speech, and a series of achievements are expected to be made. The National Development and Reform Commission will spare no effort to promote capacity production cooperation, so as to bring more benefits to people living along the Belt and Road.

That’s all I want to say at this time.

Xi Yanchun:

Let's thank Mr. NingJizhe for his briefing. Now the floor is open to Mr. Xin Guobin.

Xin Guobin:

Friends from the press, ladies and gentlemen, good morning! First I wish to thank you for your continuous support and concern for China’s development of industry and information technology. Please allow me to give you a briefing on how the MIIT has been working to promote the tasks relating to the Belt and Road Initiative.

First, we have strengthened policy coordination. We actively worked with countries along the Belt and Road concerning their development strategies on industry and communications, and coordinated policies with them. We promoted mutual recognition of industrial standards and explored cooperation potential.

With Russia we signed governmental cooperation documents on civil aviation. With Poland's Ministry of Energy we inked a cooperation deal on new-energy vehicles. With Cambodia, Iran, Bangladesh and Afghanistan we signed MoU on the cooperation in the fields of information and communication technologies. With the five nations in the East Africa Community (EAC), Ethiopia and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) we signed cooperation deals on jointly building an information superhighway in East Africa. With Cuba's Ministry of Industry, we jointly compiled the long-term development plan of Cuba's industry.

At the same time, we have drafted the "Opinion on the Implementation of the Service from the Standardized work of the Industry and Communication Sectors for the 'Belt and Road' Construction," a move to facilitate the mutual recognition of China's standards and those from other countries. In this way, China's advanced technological standards will be introduced to countries along the Belt and Road before serving their local economic development. So far, Ethiopia and Kenya have started implementing Chinese industrial standards on cement and construction ceramics, respectively.

Second, we continued to improve our service systems. We improved interdepartmental working mechanisms with the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Commerce, among others and established cooperation mechanisms with the National Development Bank (NDB), and the Export-Import Bank of China.

We strengthened contact and communication with key industrial associations and research institutes. We guided the industrial associations for petrochemical, steel, non-ferrous, construction material and communication to form an international alliance for capacity cooperation so as to provide information and consultations to the corporate sector. We promulgated code of conducts for enterprises eyeing the international markets, reduce irregular competition and actively fulfil social responsibilities in countries we invested in.

Third, we coordinated and guided mutually beneficial industrial cooperation. We actively built the docking platforms for the cooperation on international capacity and equipment manufacturing, invited countries along the Belt and Road to participate activities for industrial transfers and dockings and expos for international SMEs. We made most of the bilateral and multilateral mechanisms and organized industrial associations and enterprises to go abroad to facilitate their direct communication and dockings with local companies. In this way we deepened industrial cooperation with countries along the Belt and Road.

So far, in the sectors of raw materials, petrol refinery and agricultural chemicals, overseas projects under construction have a total contract value of US$60 billion. China's non-ferrous sector invested in Russia and Indonesia, among the total 15 countries along the Belt and Road. Enterprises in the construction material sector invested in a total of 33 projects overseas.

In the equipment sector, rail transit, engineering machinery, automobiles - which represent the higher technological level - rushed to invest in countries along the Belt and Road. In the electronic information sector, many PV enterprises invested in the solar power stations in the United States, Japan, Europe, South America and Southeast Asia, or contracted the engineering, procurement, and construction (ECP) package.

Fourth, we promoted the cooperation and construction of industrial parks. We promoted the constructions of China-Laos, and China-Mongolia cross-border cooperation zones, supervised the drafting of development plans of these industrial parks and supported the industrial development and the construction of communication facilities in the parks.

We advanced the constructions of the China-Belarus Industrial Park, the Morowali Tsingshan Industrial Park in Indonesia and the China-Tajikistan Industrial Park. We helped enterprises to know about opportunities for industrial cooperation. We built platforms for investment promotion, conducted investment promotion for the cooperation zones in other countries. We encouraged capable Chinese enterprises with rich experience in industrial park administration to join hands with financial institutions, industrial associations, and intermediate agencies to perfect accommodating facilities in these industrial parks, raise the software and hardware levels and enhance services when these parks are in operation.

Fifth, we accelerated the connectivity of information and communications. We ensured the connectivity of information along the Belt and Road, promoted the popularization of next-generation information and communications technological applications and serve the economic and social development of the countries along the Belt and Road.

We accelerated the construction of international communication accesses. We have established an overall framework of international communications access that mainly consists of comprehensive international gateway exchanges, regional international gateways, border area international communications gateways and international channel gateways. We raised the information and communication capacities in countries along the "Belt and Road."

We vigorously promoted the construction of cross-border cables and continuously improved our information interconnectivity with countries along the Belt and Road. We encouraged telecommunication enterprises to form multinational corporations to enhance their internationalized abilities. Some companies have started overseas operations in Pakistan, Thailand, Singapore, among other countries and regions.

As for our next move, the MIIT will continue with our classified guidance, raise services, perfect safeguarding systems, actively expand new room for industrial development, and promote the deepening of industrial cooperation with countries along the Belt and Road to ensure win-win development. Thank you all!

Xi Yanchun:

Let's thank Mr. Xin for his briefing. Now the floor is open for questions. As per our rule, please identify your agency before raising your questions.



Director Ning, as China’s railway has become a name card of the country’s “going-out” strategy in recent years, would you please brief us on railway cooperation between China and the countries along the Belt and Road? Thank you.

Ning Jizhe:

Your question is about a very important issue of major concern to us and other countries. Railway cooperation can help improve railway construction capacities both in China and other countries, boost cooperation on railway equipment, technologies and standards. It is a key part of international cooperation on industrial capacities and a priority area for China’s “going-out” strategy as well as outbound investment.

China’s railway construction has developed rapidly during recent years and we have the most fully-fledged technical system in the world. We possess cutting-edge technologies, especially in high-speed railways, and have foster advantages in survey, design, engineering, manufacturing, operation, management and safety, making us very competitive on the global market.

China has been proactively pressing ahead with railway cooperation with countries along the Belt and Road. Such cooperation dovetails nicely with the needs of those countries, since connectivity among countries along the proposed routes is realized by the connection of traffic networks. Railway is a favored transport means. It is wanted by neighboring countries or needs renovating in those countries due to outdated conditions.

Recently, we have made solid progress on several landmark projects. The railway between China and Laos is under construction; a contract has been signed for the Jakarta-Bandung Railway, and hopefully overall construction will start soon; the China-Thailand Railway is preparing for construction; the business contract of the Serbian section of the Hungary-Serbia Railway has been signed, while the construction agreement of the Hungarian section has also been validated; the design for a high-speed railway from Moscow to Kazan has been completed; the China-Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan Railway is moving ahead now we have a joint working mechanism between the three parties; the feasibility study for upgrading the ML1 section of the Pakistan Railway is being studied; and Chinese companies have succeeded in their bids for involvement in the constructions of railways in the southern part and the east coast of Malaysia, etc. The smooth progress of railway construction has been pivotal for the promotion of international cooperation on production capacities, signaling an important chapter for the implementation of the Belt and Road Initiative, conducive to the B&R countries’ upgraded capacities for infrastructure construction and helpful to China’s “going-global” strategy by exporting indigenous facilities, technologies, standards, constructions and management, resulting in encouraging progress in other industries and boosting infrastructure construction of the relevant countries.

For the next step, China’s Development and Reform Commission will work with relevant departments, enterprises and institutions under the initiative to enhance pragmatic cooperation on railway with countries along the Belt and Road, advance China’s “going-out” strategy and international industrial cooperation and boost connectivity in pursuit of win-win benefits through joint development. Thanks for your question.


China National Radio:

Mr. Xin,how does China connect neighboring countries in regard to ICT (information and communication technology) infrastructure? Thank you.

Xin Guobin:

 Thank you. Infrastructure connectivity is a priority area under the Belt and Road Initiative. Improved global connectivity can help popularize a new generation of ICT, improve regional information services and promote socio-economic development in countries along the Belt and Road. Since the Initiative was launched, we have undertaken work in the following areas:

First, we used various international cooperation mechanisms, bilateral and multilateral communications platforms, actively connected to the countries and regions along the Belt and Road. We successively signed Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) on Cooperation in ICT with telecommunications administrations of Cambodia, Iran, Bengal and Afghanistan; and, we signed the China-Africa Partnership Program in Trans Africa Information Superhighway with Ministries of Communication in five East African countries, Ethiopia and International Telecommunications Union (ITU) respectively. We will sign MoU on Strengthening ICT Cooperation Within the Framework of the Belt and Road Initiative with ITU.

Second, we optimized the layout of domestic ICT and established a framework of nine comprehensive international business agencies (in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, etc.), 10 regional international business agencies (such as the one in Kunming), 10 border services agencies (in places such as Shenzhen) and 58 information channels agencies (in Khorgas, for example) after adjustment. These agencies effectively ensure the quality of ICT and the safety of network information between China and countries along the Belt and Road.

Third, we effectively promoted the construction of a cross-border optical cable network and ensured effective information transmission. We established a cross-border land cable network with 12 neighboring countries, plus four submarine cable networks. And we are expanding the China- Kazakhstan cable network, and pushing ahead with the newly-established China-Afghanistan cable network and China-Pakistan cable network, and other cable networks along the Belt and Road region. We are positively promoting telecommunication enterprises to join in the construction of “China-ASEAN Information Harbor” and backbone state cable networks in African countries.

Forth, we encouraged the main telecommunication companies to engage in international telecommunications service business and provide high-quality telecommunication services. In 2016, the scale of foreign investment of China’s three main telecommunication enterprises was around five billion yuan. They engaged in overseas operations in Pakistan, Thailand, Singapore, and other countries and regions. Thank you.



Many projects around the world do not get funding because they are sub-parts, they don’t have good oversight, or they don’t have the prospects of returns that will pay off for the original course. What oversight do you have to prevent these kinds of projects from being dusted off and refunded during the Belt and Road Initiative in order to make it successful. And are there central reviews or general guidelines to prevent these parts of the projects from being refunded? Thank you.

Ning Jizhe:

Your question is very important. In the field of international investment, there are many examples of success. While investing in a project, investors have to make decisions and take risks by themselves, so they are all very concerned about the feasibility study of the invested project. Currently, most countries in the world are market economy-oriented ones who abide by the market rules and international practice and promote the construction of their projects under the protection of the law. This approach necessarily includes careful and serious evaluation and research of the project in the early phase to ensure the feasibility of the project. In the construction phase of the project, the supervision must be strengthened, during which a set of systems is available in the market economy conditions. In the operational phase of the project, market regulation still plays an important role. Therefore, thanks to the necessary guarantees in the whole process, the project can be constructed and operated smoothly so as to achieve corresponding economic and social benefits. This is an international practice as well as an important guideline which China must follow in promoting international capacity cooperation and in implementing the Belt and Road Initiative. Taking enterprises as the main body, we promote the market-oriented Belt and Road Initiative and international capacity cooperation in accordance with commercial principles and international practice.

It can be said that, currently in the process of promoting the key projects of the Belt and Road Initiative, the Chinese government and the governments of other countries concerned have attached great importance to this issue. The enterprises concerned also have carried out careful evaluation and deliberation for projects.

Some projects, particularly large railway projects, must go through repeated evaluations. In the course of operation and construction, we will continue to abide by this principle and conform to the international laws as well. As I mentioned just now, we have signed mutual investment agreements with the countries along the Belt and Road. Meanwhile, we must work together to comply with the international investment agreements so as to ensure that the Belt and Road Initiative and international capacity cooperative projects will achieve corresponding economic and social benefits, and bring benefits to local people and thus promote local economic development and social progress. Thank you.


People’s Daily:

Mr. Xin, capacity cooperation is an important part of the Belt and Road Initiative. You just introduced the work the MIIT has done. My questions are: What achievements has the MIIT made in regard to international capacity cooperation and what is the latest situation? What can we expect from this summit? Thank you.

Xin Guobin:

Countries along the Belt and Road undoubtedly differ in resources, development stage and environment. However, they are economically complementary. So, there is a huge potential for cooperation. We have been sticking to the market-oriented principle, with companies being the main drivers, and promoted cooperation in the fields of capacity and equipment manufacturing by strengthening coordination to provide better services and support, as well as effectively linking China’s industrial and financial advantages with host country demands. Our goal is always to achieve win-win outcomes.

As for the capacity cooperation, we have organized relevant industrial associations and enterprises to cooperate with their counterparts in Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Malaysia and India, and instructed enterprises in the sectors of iron and steel, nonferrous metal and construction materials to open factories overseas. In 2016, the outbound investment of the manufacturing industry totaled US$31.06 billion, accounting for 18.3 percent of all such investment, up 6.2 percentage points from the year before. In addition, it’s worth mentioning that there were 197 mergers and acquisitions in the manufacturing sector. Here are some examples of our achievements. The program of Alliance Steel (M) Sdn Bhd, involving investment by Guangxi Beibu Gulf Port International Group Co., Ltd and Guangxi ShengLong Metallurgical Co. Ltd, started construction in Malaysia in 2014. HBIS Group Co.Ltd signed a contract with Industrial Development Corp of South Africa to set up a 5 million metric ton steel plant in that country. It also purchased Serbia’s Zeleara Smederevo steel mill. CRRC has conducted deep cooperation with Siemens, Voith Turbo and Deutsche Bahn in high-speed rail development and jointly explored the third-country market. These leading enterprises’ outbound moves have created jobs and generated tax revenue for the host countries and accelerated their industrial upgrading and industrialization process. Therefore, products made and services provided by China are welcome in more and more countries along the Belt and Road.

In future, we will continue to encourage Chinese enterprises to “go global,” following the overall arrangement and plan of the Belt and Road Initiative.


What is the total volume of investments in the “Belt and Road” projects so far? Would you please project how big the total investment will be in the next five years? Last year, China tightened scrutiny on capital outflows. Does this move have any impact on our outbound investment? Thank you.

Ning Jizhe:

As I mentioned just now, Chinese enterprises have invested more than US$60 billion in Belt and Road projects over the past four years – between 2013 and 2016. This is the figure that we can give to you. Some small investments may be not included.

Our outbound investment has been largely made by enterprises and driven by the market in line with business rules and international practices, rather than being planned. I should say it is not easy to predict the future, but we do have a projection for outbound investment for the next five years. China’s outbound investment will reach US$120 billion and even surpass US$130 billion each year over the next five years. Most of the investment will be put into Belt and Road projects. That will give a great impetus to the global recovery and liberalization of reciprocal investment and trade.

China’s management mechanism of outbound investment is based on market-oriented principles and international practices. Currently our outbound investment is subject to a registration mechanism. Also, we warn enterprises against potential risks and need to examine the veracity and compliance of their investment. Projects relating to the “Belt and Road” Initiative and industrial capacity cooperation will not be impacted by strengthened scrutiny but will proceed in a sound manner.



As we know, Kazakhstan is one of the countries along the route that conducted capacity cooperation with China from an early stage. Can you tell us about its progress? Thank you.

Ning Jizhe:

It’s a good question. There is just one booklet about China-Kazakhstan capacity cooperation. Kazakhstan really took the lead in capacity cooperation with China. Over the past few years, the cooperation has achieved rapid progress and fruitful results as the two sides signed intergovernmental capacity cooperation agreements, established regular cooperation mechanisms, and have held intergovernmental dialogues 12 times. Being close neighbors, the two countries have frequent dialogues through video conferences, or sometimes through face-to-face talks.

We have formulated a list of key cooperation projects with a total investment of US$ 27 billion, established a China-Kazakhstan Capacity Cooperation Fund of US$ 2 billion, with great efforts from the Silk Road Fund, and also a China-Kazakhstan capacity cooperation specific loan of US$ 15 billion. Both sides also facilitated visa issuance based on inter-governmental agreements and carried out key projects for demonstration and expansion purposes. Until now, a batch of 34 projects have completed construction and been put into operation, such as a copper concentrator with an annual output of 25 million tons in Aktogay, an electrolytic aluminum plant with an annual production of 250,000 tons in Pavlodar, an asphalt plant with an annual output of 1 million tons along the Caspian Sea and a cement plant with a daily production of 3,000 tons in Mynaral.

Currently, a total of 43 projects are under construction in Kazakhstan, filling the gaps of electrolytic aluminum, copper beneficiation, high-end oil products, special cement and other sectors in the country, advancing its industrialization, offering job opportunities and promoting local development. With both countries faced with downward economic pressures in the past years, bilateral cooperation can help deal with the pressure and maintain sound development. At the same, it has propelled China’s export of competitive capacities, equipment, technologies and standards while helping to build up a good image of Chinese enterprises.

During our dialogues, we discussed how the government departments can serve enterprises better and how to create favorable investment environments, as there are also Kazakhstan enterprises investing in China. Through close communication and negotiation, both sides can enhance services for enterprises and strengthen supervision of markets. In the future, the two countries will seek more connections in bilateral economic, social and industrial development, step up guidance functions of planning, jointly compile capacity cooperation plans, and carry out key projects thus deepening bilateral capacity and investment cooperation.

You can consult the booklet for more detailed information. This is the Chinese edition and we also have an English version. Thank you.


China Industry News:

What opportunities does the Belt and Road Initiative offer for the export of Chinese equipment manufacturing products? What progress has been made in such exports? What difficulties do we encounter? What measures will MIIT take to drive export expansion? Thank you.

Xin Guobin:

Thank you for your question. Notable progress has been made in exporting Chinese equipment manufacturing products. High-speed rail-laying, electric power equipment, engineering machinery, electronic information manufacturing products and ships have become new business name cards for China’s equipment manufacturing. Our rail transport products have entered the global market, as evidenced by the completion of Jakarta-Bandung high speed railway and the construction of the China-Laos high speed railway. Our electric power technology is world-beating. The first overseas Hualong-1 Project is progressing steadily and the reactor has been used in the Hinkley Point C nuclear power station in England. Moreover, high-end products such as engineering machinery and ships are widely popular around the world.

Despite the progress, both the volume and level of major equipment exports need to be increased, and international investment and cooperation in this sector need to be expanded. Some constraints and problems lie behind the present situation. First of all, the global political and economic landscape keeps changing, greatly influencing Chinese companies’ international investment and cooperation. Besides, rising protectionism and growing trade barriers make it harder for China’s standards to gain international certification. Other constraints include the shortage of interdisciplinary professionals with global vision, lack of public information services and inadequate understanding of the investment destinations’ political and economic environments, laws and regulations as well as traditions and customs.

To increase exports of Chinese equipment manufacturing products, MIIT will take the following measures: help establish overseas service agencies, create a sound international environment based on bilateral and multilateral dialogue mechanisms, intensify efforts to nurture or attract interdisciplinary professionals with global vision and accelerate internationalization and mutual recognition of standards. Thank you.

Shenzhen Satellite TV:

I have a question for Mr. Ning. We all know that the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Great Bay Area was addressed in the Government Work Report during the last NPC and CPPCC sessions, of which the new layout is important to the Belt and Road Initiative. My question is: How will the Guangdong-HongKong-Macau Great Bay Area, guided by the spirit of openness, make full use of their advantages to engender a new round of cooperation with the countries involved in the Initiative? Moreover, as Shenzhen has always spearheaded economic reform of China, how will the city continue to make its contribution to a new phase of openness led by the Initiative?

Ning Jizhe:

Hong Kong is playing an important role in the country’s far-sighted Belt and Road Initiative. During the past decade, when China started to unfold its Western Region Development Strategy, Hong Kong exerted great influence in the campaign and it is now expected to make an equal contribution to the Initiative by taking advantage of its comprehensive capabilities and forming a bridge between China and the world. It can encourage greater involvement by its competitive sectors, including, service, finance and shipping and making use of its role as a trade center, to support the Initiative as it gathers momentum.

The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Great Bay Area, referred to in the Government Work Report this year, is related to the Initiative, in which it has an even more meaningful role. Some departments, both from the State Council and the NDRC, are in close contact with the HKSAR, to work out a draft plan.

At the same time, as a leading force of China’s reform and opening up and the earliest special economic zone in China, Shenzhen will undoubtedly have considerable responsibilities in any new round of upgraded openness. It is expected to extend its influence to both the Initiative and the construction of the Great Bay Area. Thank you.

Xi Yanchun:

That’s all for today’s press conference. Thanks for our two spokespeople and thank you all.

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