SCIO briefing on agriculture and rural development

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Mr. Han Changfu, minister of agriculture
Mr. Han Jun, director of the Office of the Central Rural Work Leading Group
Mr. Ye Zhenqin, vice minister of agriculture
Mr. Wu Hongyao, deputy director of the Office of the Central Rural Work Leading Group

Hu Kaihong, spokesperson of the State Council Information Office

Sept. 29, 2017

The major challenges facing land requisition are unspecific scope, low compensation standard and irregular procedures. Our pilot reform is drawing lessons from those experiences so that they can work as a testimony for amendment of pertinent laws.

The No.1 Circular has made it clear that we'll learn from the spearheading reform of the system for rural residential land to keep the property rights of farmers from being infringed by external capital. In view of such a prerequisite, the government should implement farmers' collective rights for residential lands, ensuring their rights to use and live on them, seeking rental or other cooperative models to ensure reuse of abandoned lands in the form of collective economic organizations, all contributing to an increase in farmers' incomes.

Beijing and Wuhan, capital of Hubei Province, are leading the way in testing the effectiveness of the reform. The Central Agricultural Office is resolved to press ahead with the pilot programs under the concerted efforts of other authorities, such as, the Ministry of Land and Resources, to release maximized reform dividends in this regard. Thank you.

Hu Kaihong:

This press conference is about to end. We only have the time for two more questions.


Food safety has been a great concern to the public over the past years. In particular, the people want to be assured that domestic formula milk is safe for our kids to drink. My question is for Mr. Han Changfu. What measures have the government taken to ensure the safety of agricultural products and to promote the sound development of the domestic diary industry? What progress has been made? Thank you.

Han Changfu:

The people want safe food. That's natural. The agricultural department shoulders the responsibility of ensuring the safety of agricultural products. Many measures have been taken in this regard.

In the past five years, we conducted food sampling annually. More than 96 percent of the sampled products from the farming, husbandry and fishery sectors met the quality standard. In the first half of this year, the ratio went up to 97.6 percent.

But of course, there are problems to be solved. One is the small-scale producers, who pose a great threat to food safety, and the other is law enforcement, which needs to be further improved and intensified.

The production process and regulation of agricultural products are crucial to ensuring product safety. There were three notable changes in the regulation field.

Firstly, sound systems have been established. In recent years, we have revised over 6,000 items of pesticides and veterinary drugs residual limited standards, and over 5,000 agricultural industrial standards. Powerful enforcement and operations will be ensured under these standards.

Secondly, supervision of farm products safety has been strengthened since the 18th CPC National Congress. We have built up a team from all levels to oversee quality safety of agricultural products. The supervision is becoming even more effective.

Thirdly, responsibilities have been clarified. We have urged the local governments to perform their administrative responsibilities and operational entities to fulfill their primary responsibilities.

The dairy industry also produces milk powder. The quality of milk powder produced by China has improved a lot over the last five years compared with that produced eight years ago. Several China's mainland milk powder brands have been certificated by the EU, and some have entered the Hong Kong market. Specifically, improvements have been made in three aspects. First, dairy farming has been scaled up. Second, the milking process has been mechanized. Mechanization has been achieved in large-scale farms. Third, production, supervision, and product standards of the dairy industry are in place. The dairy industry is a relatively modern one with a long and complete industrial chain, so its regulatory framework is developing from strength to strength.

All in all, now we have undergone a great change and laid a sound foundation. We have the confidence to revitalize China's dairy industry, and let our children be able to enjoy high-quality and safe milk produced in China. Thank you.

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