Beijing to set up big data platform for urban management

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The municipal government of Beijing released the "Opinions on Strengthening the Meticulous Urban Management of Beijing" on Wednesday, its first official document in 2019. According to the document, a series of initiatives will be taken to strengthen the city's detailed urban management, including building a big data platform, improving the urban grid management system, and implementing the social credit system. The goal is to establish a meticulous urban management system by 2022. 

Big data platform

According to Xie Guomin, deputy inspector of the Municipal Urban Management Committee of Beijing, the core content of the "Opinions" includes promoting the rule of law, standardization, intelligentialization, specialization, and marketization in urban management, strengthening daily operation and management to improve comprehensive support capabilities and strengthening institutional mechanisms to improve the overall coordination capacity.  

According to Xie, a big data platform of city management will be set up to integrate data of urban security, urban operations, public safety, and other related platforms and business systems. The city government will formulate measures on data access and sharing so as to establish a mechanism for big data collection and sharing in urban management.  

Meanwhile, the data information collection methods will be improved, so as to realize real-time collection, input, and dynamic analysis of traffic operation, environmental monitoring, and infrastructure maintenance.

Urban grid management system

The urban grid management system will be developed in accordance with the principles of "unified standards, unified processes, same platform, unified data, and unified management" to form a three-tiered grid urban management cloud platform covering urban areas, districts and townships of the city. In addition, an urban management inspection team will be formed to reach all the public management areas in the countryside.

Moreover, satellite monitoring and remote sensing technology will be applied to monitor and regulate large-scale garbage dumping sites, environmental conditions along important traffic lines, and illegal tie-up of long-distance pipelines of gas and oil. 

A number of smart city demonstration projects will be built in the city's sub-center. In addition, a smart government administration district will be establish that integrates functions of e-government, tele-conferencing, green office space, security monitoring, and urban management.

Block planners and designers to be introduced 

Beijing will develop a professional team to improve the professional services of urban management. Apart from instituting a training system and a professional certification system for urban management personnel, the government plans to introduce a large number of urban management professionals with international vision through public recruitment and selection, and encourage higher institutions to offer programs on urban management. 

The city will put in place a planner and designer responsibility system, an expert group review system in urban redevelopment, and the "beautiful countryside" construction scheme, which is aimed at improving the quality of designs. 

According to the "Opinions," the urban management departments of Beijing will coordinate the design and layout of urban public facilities, outdoor advertising, plaques and logos, etc. A tiered management system will be carried out on road cleaning, and the mechanization level on road construction will be much improved. Public toilets will be upgraded and more women's toilet stalls will be increased. The domestic waste classification system will be implemented in a larger area.

At the same time, the road network structure of the central city will be improved, and spots prone to traffic jams will be rectified. An electronic charging system for roadside parking will be promoted, and companies and institutions will be encouraged to open their parking lots to the public. Supervision on shared bicycles, time-sharing car rental, and online taxi booking will be strengthened so that the industry can develop in an orderly manner.

Social credit system

The city government will give full play to the roles of individuals, companies, private organizations, and professional institutions, better engage them in public integrity development, and promote the meticulous urban management.

The urban management departments will subdivide the regulation grids, so as to form "residential committee-community-doorway" governance networks in urban residential communities, and "village committee-village group" governance networks in the rural areas. By drawing on the "menu-style" management mode of comprehensive renovation of old communities, the competent departments will work to establish the bottom-up mechanism of eliciting community governance topics and projects. 

The urban management departments of Beijing will improve the public evaluation mechanism for urban management and the feedback mechanism for public opinions. They will organize citywide campaigns like "Blue Sky and Me" and "Weekend Cleaning" to engage more people in community governance. They will also organize patrols on streets, alleys and hutongs, give full play to the role of hutong keepers, and make the hutong keeper system a long-term mechanism. For areas along railways, a "double-section-chief" accountability system is to be implemented for effective management of the surroundings along railways, involving a responsible person from the railway administration and a responsible person from the local township or district government for each section of the railway.  

The municipal government will establish a unified citywide social credit information service platform and seek to implement the social credit system, providing support and priority services for promise-keepers in the fields of education, employment, entrepreneurship, social security, etc., and punish promise-breakers, and encourage enterprises, institutions, and private organizations to provide different services for those lacking in social credit.

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