SCIO briefing on implementing the Outline of 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) and accelerating the strengthening of intellectual property in China

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Currently, new sectors and business models, such as big data and AI, are thriving in China. What progresses have been made concerning the institutional arrangements on IPR protection in these fields? Thank you.

Shen Changyu:

Thank you for your question. This is indeed an important issue. Currently, big data and AI have become important factors and technologies for production, and there is a growing call for improving the IPR protection mechanisms in relevant fields. In view of China's future social and economic development and its competitive edge, strengthening IPR protection in the fields of big data and AI has become an imperative issue.

Among other things, IPR protection around big data focuses on handling the relationship between protection and use, security and privacy, and promoting the orderly entry of data resources into the factor market while still ensuring data security.

Regarding IPR protection of AI, the current focus is mainly on whether works and inventions completed by AI can generate new IPR, and the attribution of such rights. Currently, we are also actively listening to the views of the academic and industry sectors on these issues, studying the relevant institutional arrangements and the outcomes will be written in relevant plans and documents.

I think these are all very important issues. When it comes to big data and AI, the protection of IPR is an issue of great concern. For example, consider the issue of data property rights. Data is a new and important factor of production following the traditional ones such as land, technology and capital. The output of China's digital economy, which is supported by data, accounts for more than 36% of its GDP and contributes 67.7% to GDP growth, or around two-thirds. How to allow data to flow reasonably, make full use of it and effectively protect it are indeed very important issues, which require the design of a good system. Thank you for your question.

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