Press conference on working measures and effect of people's courts in the new era

0 Comment(s)Print E-mail, July 18, 2022
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Red Star News:

My question is, how will the people's tribunals, standing at the frontier for solving conflicts and disputes and serving the public, play a role at the new development stage in serving rural vitalization, primary-level social governance, and preventing and addressing disputes at the source? Thank you.

He Xiaorong:

I will answer this one. The people's tribunals stand at the front line for serving the public and solving disputes, and for boosting social governance and rural vitalization. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, the people's courts have paid more attention to systematic concepts, law-based thinking and building a strong foundation. Two national people's tribunals working conferences were convened. Concrete and practical measures were taken to spearhead relevant works. Last year, a guidance was issued to clarify working principles of people's tribunals in the new era: to provide strong judicial services and guarantee for rural vitalization, national rejuvenation, and common prosperity. 

First, to serve the comprehensive advancement of rural vitalization. The rural areas are China's lifeline. Focusing on comprehensively boosting rural vitalization, we optimize the distribution of the tribunals with continued efforts. We properly solve agriculture-related disputes in accordance with the law. Through specialized tribunals, we try cases regarding industrial development and ecological preservation justly and efficiently, ensuring the agricultural and rural development and serving the deepening of rural reforms. People's tribunals specializing in environmental protection and tourism have emerged nationwide to facilitate the development of characteristic industries in rural areas. The people's tribunals also actively try out to facilitate the trials of new urbanization, offering targeted judicial services for boosting high-quality urbanization. 

Second, to serve primary-level social governance. When the primary level of a society is well-governed, society can live in peace. From 2016 to 2021, people's tribunals concluded 25.377 million cases nationwide, accounting for approximately 25% of the cases concluded by primary people's courts. We push for people's tribunals to work in rural areas, communities and grid units, relying on local Party committees' leadership and focusing on the city- and county-level governance requirements. A diversified dispute-solving mechanism is thriving. The number of medication organizations and mediators invited to be stationed at tribunals has risen remarkably. The justice departments fully play the role of participating in advancing, regulating, and supporting social governance. We build the Fengqiao model of people's tribunals and three defense lines for preventing and defusing conflicts and disputes - addressing problems at the source, before litigation, or through judicial adjudication, to effectively solve conflicts and disputes at the local and primary level. 

Third, to facilitate people's needs for a high-quality life. Cases concerning people's livelihood are adequately tried in accordance with the law, including the ones involving marriage and family, labor disputes, property disputes, and adjacent relation disputes. Right relief is enhanced. People's rights and interests are protected. Circuit trials are conducted in the ways of vehicle-carried tribunals, horseback tribunals, and backpacked tribunals, smoothing the last kilometer of judicial service. The achievements of one-stop solution and smart court development are integrated and applied in people's courts. The one-stop service, being equal and inclusive, convenient and efficient, and intelligent and targeted, offers more convenience for people to solve conflicts and disputes and realize justice. Thank you.

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