About Sino-Israel relations

0 CommentsPrint E-mail China.org.cn, September 7, 2009
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Israel was the first country in the Middle East to recognize the government of the People's Republic of China, although it was not until January 1992 that the two nations officially established diplomatic relations following a number of high-level meetings that began in the mid 1980's.

The Foreign Ministers of the two countries held a secret meeting at the United Nations in 1987, and a subsequent dialogue in Hong Kong led to the establishment of a representative office of the Israel Academy of Science and Humanities in Beijing in 1990. Simultaneously, China International Travel Service set up a Tel-Aviv office managed by an official from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

On January 23, 1990, Israeli Foreign Minister David Levy and Chinese Foreign Minister Qian Qichen signed the agreement officially establishing diplomatic relations between China and Israel. An Israeli Embassy was set up in Beijing in 1992, and in 1994 an Israeli Consulate was opened in Shanghai.

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, the two sides have conducted frequent reciprocal visits, and have strengthened ties in politics, business, education, culture, technological cooperation and agriculture. Visits arranged by the Israeli government included delegations of entrepreneurs, academics, journalists, artists, lawyers and so on.

The two governments are in close and regular contact. Israeli Presidents Hertzog (1992) Weitzman (1999) and Katzav (2003) all made state visits to China, while former Chinese President Jiang Zemin visited Israel in 2000. In 2007, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert visited China to bolster trade and military cooperation

Consultations between the two Foreign Ministers have become routine. Numerous agreements and contracts have been signed and the trade volume between the two countries has grown rapidly, reaching US$3 billion in 2005.

Bilateral Treaties and Agreements

* Joint Communiqué on Establishment of Diplomatic Relations (January 1992)

* Memorandum of Understanding between the Two Civil Aviation Administrations (March 1992)

* Trade, Taxation and Investment Protection Agreement (October 1992)

* Memorandum of Understanding on Agricultural Cooperation (1993)

* Agreement on Cultural Exchanges (May 1993)

* Agreement on the Reciprocal Setting Up of Consulate-Generals (October 1993)

* Civil Aviation Agreement (October 1993)

* Agreement on Tourism Cooperation (June 1994)

* Agreement on Customs Mutual Administrative Assistance and Cooperation (February 1997)

* Implementation Plan of Sino-Israeli Cultural Exchanges 1999-2001 (November 1998)

* Framework Agreement on Industrial and Technological Research and Development (April 2000)

* Agreement on Educational Cooperation (April 2000)

* Memorandum of Understanding on Water-Saving Irrigation and Water Resources Management Cooperation (February 2001)

* Memorandum of Understanding on the Developing of a Sino-Israeli Demonstration Dairy Farm (February 2001)

* Memorandum of Understanding on the Development of the Sino-Israeli Demonstration and

* Training Center for Agriculture in Dry Land in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (August 2002)

* Financial Cooperation Agreement (November 2004)

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