Chinese President Jiang Zemin Wednesday urged all members
of the Communist Party of China (CPC), Chinese army and people
to learn and uphold patriotism and revolutionary heroism of
the Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV).
"Over the past 50 years, we have always remembered the
martyrs who made brave sacrifice in the war for the motherland,
peace and freedom," said Jiang, "their heroic names
will be engraved on the chronicle of the People's Republic
and the chronicle of peace, development and progress of mankind
The remarks were made by Chinese president at a grand gathering
held Wednesday in the Great Hall of People to commemorate
the 50th anniversary of the detaching of the CPV to Korea
to fight against the US aggressors together with the People's
Army of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK).
In his speech, Jiang proposed a silent tribute to martyrs
who sacrificed themselves in the war.
"The victory of the War to Resist US Aggression and
Aid Korea is a great victory of the world's peace-loving people,
a heroic feat to defend justice and fight against hegemony,
a splendid epic of patriotism and revolutionary heroism, and
a grand monument erected by the Chinese people in maintaining
world peace and human progress," Jiang said.
The president, who is also general secretary of the Chinese
Communist Party (CPC) and chairman of the Central Military
Committee (CMC), recalled that 50 years ago, the CPV crossed
the Yalu River, on the Sino-DPRK border, to fight battles
alongside the DPRK People's Army for two years and nine months
to win a great victory.
"Over the past 50 years, we have always remembered the
immortal historic merits by the older generation proletarian
revolutionaries and the China People's Volunteers," the
Chinese president said.
The development of the world proves that the decision made
by the CPC Central Committee to send the CPV is of great significance
to safeguarding world peace, the independence and freedom
of the Chinese people, the people of the DPRK and all the
suppressed and enslaved, and to reducing the danger of the
outbreak of a new world war, Jiang said.
The president remembered late Chinese leaders including Mao
Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De, Deng Xiaoping and
He said, "Over the past 50 years, we have always remembered
the officers and men of the CPV who watered the flower of
peace with their blood and safeguarded human justice with
their life as well as all those who contributed to the victory
of the war."
On behalf of the CPC Central Committee, the State Council
and the CMC, Jiang extended lofty respect to people of different
ethnic groups in China and civilians who joined in logistic
work in the war, non-communist parties and social groups who
spared no efforts to support the CPV, and cordial comfort
to the CPV martyrs and relatives of former CPV members.
In his address, Jiang also spoke highly of Korean people
who fought the enemy under the leadership of Kim Il-song and
the Workers' Party of Korea.
He said that the two peoples and the two armies of China
and DPRK have forged a great friendship.
Meanwhile, Jiang also extended cordial thanks to the government
and people of the former Soviet Union who supported the CPV
in the war as well as all peace-loving people and country
that provided support for the CPV.
The president stressed that the Chinese Nation is a peace-loving
and freedom-loving one and the war that occurred 50 years
ago was completely forced upon the Chinese people by imperialist
The Chinese people, who founded the New China on October
1, 1949 after a long period of hard struggles, are the most
active advocate of peace, but their sincere desire to heal
the wounds of wars and restore the economy were harshly challenged,
After the outbreak of the civil war in Korea, the US government
launched an all-round war in Korea, while detaching its fleets
to invade the Taiwan Straits, Jiang added.
In defiance of the warnings from the Chinese government,
the US invaders crossed the Demarcation Line to threaten the
safety of China by directly reaching the border rivers of
Yalu and Tumen with US warplanes bombing Chinese cities and
villages, he noted.
The actions of the US threatened the independence and freedom
of the DPRK, the security of the new-born People's Republic
of China (PRC), and peace in the Far East and the world, Jiang
The CPC Central Committee and Mao Zedong made the decision
to detach the CPV to Korea at the invitation of the Party
and the government of the DPRK, he recalled.
The War to Resist US aggression and Aid Korea is the first
international, regional war after World War II, which witnessed
a great disparity in the military powers of the two sides,
according to Jiang.
The US troops totaling almost two million, used all weapons
apart from A-bomb in the war, while the CPV was armed with
outdated weapons and equipment, he noted.
Jiang said that the CPV officers and men displayed patriotism,
revolutionary heroism and optimism, loyalty to revolution,
and internationalism, which formed the soul of the War to
Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea and left an eternal wealth
to the Chinese people.
The Chinese people have granted a lofty title of "The
Most Beloved" to CPV officers and men, he said.
China's victory in the war checked the strategic arrangement
by the imperialists in their attempts to expand their influence
sphere and safeguarded peace in the Far East and the world,
the president noted.
Jiang wished to view and summarize the war by bringing into
consideration history and reality, so as to better promote
the lofty cause of peace and development of mankind. "Peace
and development are irresistible historic trends," he
China has maintained that internal affairs of all countries
should be handled themselves; international issues be settled
by all countries through talks; and contradictions and disputes
between different nations be resolved through talks on an
equal footing, Jiang said.
No country should play hegemonism and power politics, force
their own value and social system upon others, and has the
rights to interfere in others' internal affairs by using force,
infringing upon other countries' sovereignty, and damaging
other country's unification and their national unity, he stressed.