XINHUA NEWS AGENCY FIRST ANNOUNCES THE CHINESE PEOPLE¡¯S VOLUNTEER
ARMY ENTERING INTO THE WAR
On the day when the war broke out, the so-called ¡°UN Forces¡±
got the news that Chinese army participated in the war. However,
they didn¡¯t think it possible because in their view, the golden
chance for China¡¯s participation had slipped by and the country
couldn¡¯t turn the tide.
After China¡¯s first success in the war, Xinhua News Agency
gave a first report that the Chinese People¡¯s Volunteer Army
entered Korea and joined the war.
During the second campaign of Chinese army in the war, Mao
Zedong first used the words, the Chinese People¡¯s Volunteer
Army, in his drafts for Xinhua news about the army¡¯s attack
of Seoul. Ever since, the Chinese news media formally employed
the way of saying.
POSITIONAL WARFARE FIRST BECAME A MAJOR PATTERN OF CHINESE
The Chinese People¡¯s Volunteer Army employed the way of positional
warfare during the war stalemate, unprecedented in the past,
which marked a new era in the theory and practice of the warfare
of Chinese Army.
The Chinese People¡¯s Volunteer Army and their Korean counterparts
established a strong defensive tunnel position system on the
250-km battlefront on the Korean Peninsula, forming an indestructible
¡°Underground Great Wall¡± featuring tunnel warfare.
The assistant administrator of US Defense Department once
commented that Mao Zedong had changed his traditional war
concepts and moves and launched the position warfare which
he tried to avoid before. ¡°If you could not remember Mao,
one matter you can not forget is that he is a strategist that
uses the most critical perspective in assimilating past experiences
and exerts most importance to practical situation,¡± He said.
CHINESE PEOPLE¡¯S VOLUNTEER ARMY FIRST RELEASED WAR PRISONERS
When the night fell, several trucks carrying 103 American
and South Korean war prisoners dodged the US aircraft bombardment
and arrived at the forward position. The Chinese army informed
them of the way to pass the US cordon, adding that they could
go back in case of any failure. They were so moved that they
hugged tightly with the Chinese soldiers.
The publicity of the policies of Chinese army towards war
prisoners by the released ones had caused great panic in the
US military authority. They blocked information and took the
prisoners in custody and surveillance.
In the first battle of Chinese army, most of enemy troops
made last-ditch fight and less war prisoners were captured.
After the first release of war prisoners by the Chinese army,
two armies of more than 100 US soldiers each surrendered during
the second combat.
MAIDEN WAR OF CHINESE AIR FORCE
No less than one year after the establishment of Chinese
Air Force, they entered Korea for the war. Before that, quite
a number of pilots of the volunteer army had never been on
the war, let alone war experience. The US pilots, however,
had 1,000 hours of flight with the most, 3,000 hours, and
exhausted thousands of tons of oil. Some were pilots of the
World War II.
Pilot Li Han first shot down the US aircraft, and Zhao Baotong
and Wang Hai brought down and damaged nine enemy planes each,
the record high in individual military success in the air
force of the Chinese Volunteer Army.
¡°It seems that the communism China has become one of the
strongest powers of air force in the world overnight,¡± sighed
the chief of staff of US air force.
FIRST TRUCE MEETING IN KOREAN WAR
When the delegation of so-called ¡°UN Force¡± went for the
negotiation meeting in their cars bearing white flags, the
Western media were surprised, ¡°It is the first time for a
US commander under the order of US government to negotiate
with enemies with white flags in 177-odd years since the founding
of the United States.¡±
During the negotiation, the US delegation boasted of military
forces and distained the Chinese and North Korean war prisoners
under the guise of human rights. They tried to prolong the
negotiation by adjourning and stopping the meeting, seeking
what they couldn¡¯t win on the battlefields.
¡°I received an undesirable honor,¡± said the US commander
in chief after the Korean War. ¡°I am the first commander of
US land force in US history to sign a truce agreement in a
war which we lost.¡± ¡°The era is gone when several artilleries
of Western invaders will conquer a nation,¡± said General Peng
Dehuai of the Chinese Volunteer Army.
FIRST COMBINED OPERATION OF CHINESE LAND AND AIR FORCES
US and South Korean armies possessed an important frontier
position on an island, where they stationed their information
organizations. They frequently dispatched spies to infiltrate
and pose threat to the rear position of Chinese and North
Korean sides. The headquarters of Chinese Volunteer Army decided
to eliminate this island.
The bombers of the Chinese Volunteer Army frightened several
US and South Korean warships away during their first night
The Korean War witnessed the first and only combined operation
of land and air forces launched by Chinese army and in the
history of the People¡¯s Liberation Army (PLA), which was of
great significance to future combined operation of multi arm
of services of the PLA.