China’s main grain crops are rice,
wheat, corn, soybeans and tuber crops. Paddy rice is the major grain
crop in China, grown mainly in the Yangtze River valley and southern
China, and on the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. Its output accounts for
two-fifths of the total grain output. The output of wheat accounts
for slightly more than one fifth of the total output of grain; it
is planted throughout China but mainly on the North China Plain.
The output of corn, grown in the provinces of northeastern, northern
and southwestern China, accounts for one fourth of the total grain
output. Soybeans are grown on the Northeast China Plain and the
plains along the Yellow and Huaihe rivers. Sweet potatoes are grown
widely in China, but mainly in the Pearl River valley, along the
middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, the lower reaches
of the Yellow River and in the Sichuan Basin.
intelligent greenhouse for growing vegetables in the suburbs of Shanghai.
Cash crops include cotton, peanuts, rape, sesame,
sugarcane, tea, tobacco, mulberry and fruit. Cotton is grown mainly
along the Yellow River and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze
River, and in the Manas River valley in Xinjiang. Peanuts are grown
in Shandong, Guangdong, Guangxi and Liaoning. Rape is produced along
the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and in the Sichuan
Basin. Sugarcane is grown in southern China. Beets are grown for the
most part in Heilongjiang, Jilin and Inner Mongolia