Strategy of Rejuvenating the Nation by Relying on Science and Education

Since 1979, Chinese economy has developed at an impressive rate. However, this growth has depended on extensive development propelled by resources, capital and cheap labor. The period from now to the middle of the 21st century is a key historical period for realizing the three-step strategic objectives of the country’s modernization drive. Only by relying on scientific and technological progress can a sustained, rapid and sound development of the national economy be realized. In this way, many problems can be effectively solved, e.g., the irrational industrial structure, backward technological level, low labor productivity and low quality of economic growth, thus accelerating the strategic shift of national economic growth from the extensive to the intensive mode. Therefore, in 1995 China decided to carry out the strategy of rejuvenating the nation by relying on science and education.

The main contents of the strategy are: Under the guidance of the idea that science and technology are the No. 1 productive forces and sticking to the principle that education is the foundation of the nation, giving priority to science, technology and education in economic and social development; strengthening the national capabilities in science and technology and the ability to transfer scientific and technological findings into actual productivity; improving the quality of the whole nation in the spheres of science, technology and culture; setting economic construction on the road to relying on scientific and technological progress and the improvement of the quality of the workforce; and accelerating the pace toward the realization of national prosperity.

The strategy of rejuvenating the nation by relying on science and education raises the following requirements regarding the objectives of China’s scientific and technological development:

Objectives to be achieved by the year 2000: Basically establishing a scientific and technological system that fits in with the socialist market economy system and the law of the development of science and technology; making considerable progress in scientific research and technological development in industry and agriculture, basic research and high-tech research; markedly improving the contribution rate of science and technology to economic development; and moving economic construction and social development basically in the direction of relying on scientific and technological progress, and improving the quality of the workforce.

Young people in Shanghai are enjoying themselves in the internet cafe.


Strategic objectives to be achieved by the year 2010: Solidifying and improving the newly established scientific and technological system, and organically combining science and technology with the economy; making scientific and technological undertakings prosper and fostering a high-quality team of gifted scientists and technicians; enhancing by a large margin the quality of the whole nation in the fields of science, technology and culture; spurring the scientific and technological strength of the major disciplines and some high-tech areas to approach or reach the advanced world level; substantially raising the ability of scientific and technical personnel to innovate independently, and mastering the key technology and system design technology of important industries; and striving to make production technology in major fields approach or achieve the level of the developed countries. In addition, the production technology level of some new industries will reach the advanced world level, laying a solid foundation for building China into a modern and strong socialist country.

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Last updated: 2000-07-13.