Major areas of distribution: Virtually scattered over all of China, the largest group, about 46.2 per cent of the total, live in Liaoning Province, and the rest mostly in Jilin, Heilongjiang, Hebei, Beijing, Gansu, Shandong, Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang and Ningxia, as well as in Chengdu, Xi'an, Guangzhou and other cities.

Language: Manchu (in both script and spoken language) and Han (standard Chinese)

Religion: Shamanism