| ĦĦĦĦLike the Han people, the majority ethnic
group in China, over 70 per cent of the Manchus are engaged in agriculture-related
jobs. Their main crops include soybean, sorghum, corn, millet, tobacco
and apple. They also raise tussah silkworms. For Manchus living in
remote mountainous areas, gathering ginseng, mushroom and edible fungus
makes an important sideline. Most of the Manchu people in cities,
who are better educated, are engaged in traditional and modern industries.
Manchus have their own script and language,
which belongs to the Manchu-Tungusic group of the Altaic language
family. Beginning from the 1640s, large numbers of Manchus moved
to south of the Shanhaiguan Pass (east end of the Great Wall), and
gradually adopted Mandarin Chinese as their spoken language. Later,
as more and more Han people moved to north of the pass, many local
Manchus picked up Mandarin Chinese too.
An ethnic group originally living in
forests and mountains in northeast China, the Manchus excelled in
archery and horsemanship. Children were taught the art of swan-hunting
with wooden bows and arrows at six or seven, and teenagers learned
to ride on horseback in full hunting gear, racing through forests
and mountains. Women, as well as men, were skilled equestrians.
The traditional costumes of male Manchus