China's energy use per unit of GDP down 2% in 2011

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Government data issued on Thursday show that China cut its energy usage by 2.01 percent  in 2011 to 0.79 tonnes of standard coal equivalent for every 10,000 yuan (US$1,570) of China's GDP.

Beijing recorded the greatest decline, dropping its energy use by 6.94 percent to 0.45 tonnes of standard coal equivalent per unit of GDP, according to the figures jointly released by the National Development and Reform Commission, the National Bureau of Statistics and the National Energy Administration.

Qinghai province in west China registered the greatest increase in power usage per unit of GDP with an increase of 9.44 percent, followed by a 6.96-percent increase in Xinjiang Uygur autonomous region, also in west China and a 5.23-percent increase in Hainan.

The government also evaluated energy use per every 10,000 yuan of industrial value-added output. Beijing topped the list with a decline of 18.5 percent. West China's Ningxia Hui autonomous region ranked at the bottom of the list, with a 14.72-percent increase in power usage per unit of industrial value-added output.

The Tibet autonomous region, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan were excluded from the calculations.

China plans to cut the energy use per unit of GDP by 16 percent by 2015 from the level in 2011. It also aims to lift non-fossil fuel energy usage to 11.4 percent of the country's total energy consumption from the current 8.6 percent.

To meet the targets, the government has adopted a range of measures, including the closure of outdated thermal power plants and iron and cement workshops and a push for the use of clean energy, such as solar and wind power.

The government also hopes to reduce greenhouse gas emissions per unit of GDP in 2020 by 40 to 45 percent compared to 2005 levels.




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